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U+4E39, 丹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E39

[U+4E38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E3A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 3 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY), four-corner 77440, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 99
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E39

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːn
*tjan
*tjan

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dang1 - literary;
  • duan1 - vernacular (limited, e.g. 牡丹).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tan/
Li
Rong
/tɑn/
Wang
Li
/tɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tan ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤan/
English cinnabar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cinnabar
  2. refined medical substance
  3. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • 朱砂 (zhūshā, “cinnabar”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dan, ran (nan))

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (난) (revised: dan, ran (nan), McCune-Reischauer: tan, ran (nan))
    • Name (hangeul): 붉을, 정성스러울 (revised: bulgeun, jeongseongsureoul, McCune-Reischauer: pulgǔn, jǒngsǒngsǔrǒul)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đam, đan, đơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit