See also: and
U+4E39, 丹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E39

[U+4E38]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E3A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 3, +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 月卜 (BY), four-corner 77440, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 99
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 44, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E39

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dang1 - literary;
  • duan1 - vernacular (limited, e.g. 牡丹).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tan/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁan/
    English cinnabar

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cinnabar
    2. red
    3. refined medical substance
    4. A surname​.
    5. (Catholicism) Dan

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. cinnabar
    2. red
    3. elixir made with cinnabar (e.g. Chinese elixir of life)
    4. improvised medicine
    5. devotion
    6. Short for 丹波国 (Tanba-koku, Tanba Province)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, also used as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ni⟩.

    Cognate with (ni, earth, ground).[1][2]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (ni

    1. the color red
      Synonyms: 赤色 (akairo), 丹色 (niiro)
    2. red earth
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たん
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC tɑn).

    Used in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 CE) as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨ta⟩.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (たん) (tan

    1. cinnabar
      Synonym: 辰砂 (shinsha)
    2. a yellowish-red pigment made from lead oxide, used, for example, in nihonga
    3. medicine, especially one for inducing immortality
      Synonym: (yaku)
    4. a yellow-red color, as of cinnabar
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (たん) (Tan

    1. a surname

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC tɑn).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 붉을 (bulgeul dan))

    1. Hanja form? of (red).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 정성스러울 (jeongseongseureoul ran), South Korea 정성스러울 (jeongseongseureoul nan))

    1. Hanja form? of (devotion).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]
    • Naver Hanja Dictionary: 丹

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: đan ((đô)(gian)(thiết))[1][2][3][4], đơn[5][4]
    : Nôm readings: đơn[2][6][5][4][7], đan[1][2][3][6]

    1. Hán tự form of đan/đơn (cinnabar).
    2. Hán tự form of đan/đơn (red color).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit