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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sanguine, borrowed from Old French sanguin, ultimately from Latin sanguineus (of blood), from sanguis (blood), of uncertain origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood). Doublet of sanguineous.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsæŋ.ɡwɪn/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

sanguine (comparative more sanguine, superlative most sanguine)

  1. Having the colour of blood; blood red. [from late 14th c.]
  2. (obsolete, physiology) Having a bodily constitution characterised by a preponderance of blood over the other bodily humours, thought to be marked by irresponsible mirth; indulgent in pleasure to the exclusion of important matters.
  3. Characterized by abundance and active circulation of blood.
    a sanguine bodily temperament
  4. Warm; ardent.
    a sanguine temper
  5. Anticipating the best; optimistic; confident; full of hope. [from early 16th c.]
    Antonym: despondent
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, volume I, chapter 18:
      Mrs. Weston was exceedingly disappointed—much more disappointed, in fact, than her husband, though her dependence on seeing the young man had been so much more sober: but a sanguine temper, though for ever expecting more good than occurs, does not always pay for its hopes by any proportionate depression. It soon flies over the present failure, and begins to hope again.
    • 1857, Anthony Trollope, Barchester Towers, Volume the Second, page 79 →ISBN
      It was clear that Dr. Gwynne was not very sanguine as to the effects of his journey to Barchester, and not over anxious to interfere with the bishop.
    I'm sanguine about the eventual success of the project.
  6. Full of blood; bloody.
  7. Bloodthirsty.

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with sanguinary.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

sanguine (plural sanguines)

  1. Blood colour; red.
    sanguine colour:  
  2. Anything of a blood-red colour, as cloth.
  3. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey).
  4. Bloodstone.
  5. Red crayon.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sanguine (third-person singular simple present sanguines, present participle sanguining, simple past and past participle sanguined)

  1. To stain with blood; to impart the colour of blood to; to ensanguine.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sanguine f (plural sanguines)

  1. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey, which is mûre in French).

AdjectiveEdit

sanguine

  1. feminine singular of sanguin

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sanguine (uncountable)

  1. blood

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

NounEdit

sanguine

  1. ablative singular of sanguis

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French sanguin (and feminine sanguine), from Latin sanguineus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sanˈɡiːn/, /sanˈɡwiːn/, /ˈsanɡin/, /ˈsanɡwin/

AdjectiveEdit

sanguine

  1. Having a bloody-red hue; coloured in sanguine or a similar colour.
  2. Under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour (inherently or in the current case)
  3. Due to the influence or presence of a dangerous profusion of blood.
  4. Made of or created from blood (as a humour); bloody.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

NounEdit

sanguine (plural sanguynes)

  1. A bloody red colour; sanguine or blood red.
  2. A kind of fabric that is sanguine-coloured or the colour of blood.
  3. Blood as one of the four cardinal humours believed to influence health and mood.
  4. (rare) A swollen region or edema attributed to an excess of blood.
  5. (rare) A person primarily under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit