From Middle English sanguine, from Old French sanguin, ultimately from Latin sanguineus (“of blood”), from sanguis (“blood”), of uncertain origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (“blood”). Doublet of sanguineous.
sanguine (comparative more sanguine, superlative most sanguine)
- (literary) Having the colour of blood; blood red. [from late 14th c.]
- (obsolete, physiology) Having a bodily constitution characterised by a preponderance of blood over the other bodily humours, thought to be marked by irresponsible mirth; indulgent in pleasure to the exclusion of important matters.
- c. 1588–1593 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Lamentable Tragedy of Titus Andronicus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene ii]:
- What, what, ye sanguine, shallow-hearted boys!
- c. 1597 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The First Part of Henry the Fourth, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene iv]:
- I'll be no longer guilty of this sin; this sanguine coward, this
bed-presser, this horse-back-breaker, this huge hill of flesh.
- Characterized by abundance and active circulation of blood.
- a sanguine bodily temperament
- 1833, R. J. Bertin, Charles W. Chauncy, transl., Treatise on the Diseases of the Heart, and Great Vessels, Philadelphia: Carey, Lea & Blnachard, page 188:
- Eleonore Lemindre, aged 34, tailoress, of a sanguine lymphatic temperament, having suffered great depression of spirits, experienced, in the course of 1820, symptoms of what is called disease of the heart.
- Warm; ardent.
- a sanguine temper
- Anticipating the best; optimistic; confident; full of hope. [from early 16th c.]
- Antonym: despondent
- 1815 December (indicated as 1816), [Jane Austen], chapter XVIII, in Emma: […], volume I, London: […] [Charles Roworth and James Moyes] for John Murray, →OCLC, pages 306–307:
- Mrs. Weston was exceedingly disappointed—much more disappointed, in fact, than her husband, though her dependence on seeing the young man had been so much more sober: but a sanguine temper, though for ever expecting more good than occurs, does not always pay for its hopes by any proportionate depression. It soon flies over the present failure, and begins to hope again.
- I'm sanguine about the eventual success of the project.
- 1857, Anthony Trollope, “The Master and Tutor of Lazarus”, in Barchester Towers. […], copyright edition, volume II, Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, published 1859, →OCLC, page 101:
- It was clear that Dr. Gwynne was not very sanguine as to the effects of his journey to Barchester, and not over anxious to interfere with the bishop.
- 1961 November 10, Joseph Heller, “McWatt”, in Catch-22 […], New York, N.Y.: Simon and Schuster, →OCLC, page page:
- The plan was not feasible, for making a ninety-degree turn would have been impossible without nickel-alloy swivels inserted in the small of every man's back, and Lieutenant Scheisskopf was not sanguine at all about obtaining that many nickel-alloy swivels from Quartermaster or enlisting the cooperation of the surgeons at the hospital.
- 2022 February 2, Charlotte Cowles, “Can ‘Body Neutrality’ Change the Way You Work Out?”, in The New York Times:
- Maybe it was hormones, or the immersion of parenting a newborn, or a new appreciation for what my body could do, but I felt surprisingly sanguine about my wobbly physical state.
- (archaic) Full of blood; bloody.
- (archaic) Bloodthirsty.
Not to be confused with sanguinary.
- (optimistic): blue, gloomy, pessimistic
sanguine (countable and uncountable, plural sanguines)
- Blood colour; red.
- Anything of a blood-red colour, as cloth.
- (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey).
- Red crayon.
sanguine (third-person singular simple present sanguines, present participle sanguining, simple past and past participle sanguined)
- To stain with blood; to impart the colour of blood to; to ensanguine.
- (reds) red; blood red, brick red, burgundy, cardinal, carmine, carnation, cerise, cherry, cherry red, Chinese red, cinnabar, claret, crimson, damask, fire brick, fire engine red, flame, flamingo, fuchsia, garnet, geranium, gules, hot pink, incarnadine, Indian red, magenta, maroon, misty rose, nacarat, oxblood, pillar-box red, pink, Pompeian red, poppy, raspberry, red violet, rose, rouge, ruby, ruddy, salmon, sanguine, scarlet, shocking pink, stammel, strawberry, Turkey red, Venetian red, vermillion, vinaceous, vinous, violet red, wine (Category: en:Reds)
sanguine f (plural sanguines)
- (heraldry) a tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey, which is mûre in French)
- “sanguine”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
Borrowed from Latin sanguinem (“blood”), in reference to the red colour/color of the stems.
sanguine m (plural sanguini)
- (uncountable) Synonym of sanguinella (“common dogwood”)
- a common dogwood plant
- sanguine in Aldo Gabrielli, Grandi Dizionario Italiano (Hoepli)
- sanguine in garzantilinguistica.it – Garzanti Linguistica, De Agostini Scuola Spa
- sanguine in Dizionario Italiano Olivetti, Olivetti Media Communication
- sanguine in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈsan.ɡʷi.ne/, [ˈs̠äŋɡʷɪnɛ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈsan.ɡwi.ne/, [ˈsäŋɡwine]
From Old French sanguin (and feminine sanguine), from Latin sanguineus.
- Having a bloody-red hue; coloured in sanguine or a similar colour.
- Under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour (inherently or in the current case)
- Due to the influence or presence of a dangerous profusion of blood.
- Made of or created from blood (as a humour); bloody.
- English: sanguine
- “sanguin(e, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-10.
sanguine (plural sanguynes)
- A bloody red colour; sanguine or blood red.
- A kind of fabric that is sanguine-coloured or the colour of blood.
- Blood as one of the four cardinal humours believed to influence health and mood.
- (rare) A swollen region or edema attributed to an excess of blood.
- (rare) A person primarily under the influence of blood as a cardinal humour.
- English: sanguine
- “sanguin(e, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-12-10.
- (four humours) flewme, coler, malencolie, sanguine 
- (qualities of the four humours) fleumatik, colerik, malencolik, sanguine