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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French sanguin, ultimately from Latin sanguineus (of blood), from sanguis (blood), of uncertain origin, perhaps Proto-Indo-European *h₁sh₂-én-, from *h₁ésh₂r̥ (blood).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sanguine (comparative more sanguine, superlative most sanguine)

  1. Having the colour of blood; blood red. [from late 14th c.]
  2. (obsolete, physiology) Having a bodily constitution characterised by a preponderance of blood over the other bodily humours, thought to be marked by irresponsible mirth; indulgent in pleasure to the exclusion of important matters.
    • 1592Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus iv 2
      What, what, ye sanguine, shallow-hearted boys!
    • 1597Shakespeare, 1 Hen IV ii 4
      I'll be no longer guilty of this sin; this sanguine coward, this
      bed-presser, this horse-back-breaker, this huge hill of flesh.
  3. Characterized by abundance and active circulation of blood.
    a sanguine bodily temperament
  4. Warm; ardent.
    a sanguine temper
  5. Anticipating the best; optimistic; not despondent; confident; full of hope. [from early 16th c.]
    • 1857, Anthony Trollope, Barchester Towers, Volume the Second, page 79 ISBN 1857150570
      It was clear that Dr. Gwynne was not very sanguine as to the effects of his journey to Barchester, and not over anxious to interfere with the bishop.
    I'm sanguine about the eventual success of the project.

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with sanguinary.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

sanguine (plural sanguines)

  1. Blood colour; red.
    sanguine colour:    
  2. Anything of a blood-red colour, as cloth.
  3. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey).
  4. Bloodstone.
  5. Red crayon. See the Note under crayon, 1.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

sanguine (third-person singular simple present sanguines, present participle sanguining, simple past and past participle sanguined)

  1. To stain with blood; to impart the colour of blood to; to ensanguine.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

NounEdit

sanguine f (plural sanguines)

  1. (heraldry) A tincture, seldom used, of a blood-red colour (not to be confused with murrey, which is mûre in French).

AdjectiveEdit

sanguine

  1. feminine singular of sanguin

Further readingEdit


InterlinguaEdit

 
Interlingua Wikipedia has an article on:
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PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sanguine (uncountable)

  1. blood

LatinEdit

NounEdit

sanguine

  1. ablative singular of sanguis