See also: Rouge

English edit

 
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Etymology edit

Borrowed from French rouge, from Latin rubeus. Doublet of rubious. Compare rare Middle English rouge, rouȝ (red); later borrowed again, as it is not attested until c. 1750. The game senses are of unknown origin according to the Oxford English Dictionary.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

rouge (comparative more rouge, superlative most rouge)

  1. Of a reddish pink colour.

Related terms edit

Noun edit

rouge (countable and uncountable, plural rouges)

  1. Red or pink makeup to add colour to the cheeks; blusher.
    Synonym: blush
    • 1956, Delano Ames, chapter 4, in Crime out of Mind[1]:
      Before we could embark on the details of his mother's health we were joined by a fair, plump woman of indefinite age, who had once been—and at moments still was—very pretty. She wore a simple black silk dress, perhaps in deference to Tilly's death, though the note of mourning was jarred by flamboyant aquamarine ear-rings and too much rouge.
  2. Any reddish pink colour.
  3. (Canadian football) A single point awarded when a team kicks the ball out of its opponent's end zone, or when a kicked ball becomes dead within the non-kicking team's end zone. Etymology uncertain; it is thought that in the early years of the sport, a red flag indicated that a single had been scored.
    Synonym: single
  4. (obsolete) In the Eton wall game, a scrummage, melée.
    • 1832 November 19, “On Eton Games, Continued”, in Eton College Magazine[2], number viii, page 284:
      [A] wall [...] against which all those formidable "rouges" (as they are most underivably called) take place; in which above twenty players contend, kicking each others' shins nearly as often as the ball
  5. In the Eton College field game, a scoring move accomplished by touching the ball down behind the opponents' goal-line (somewhat similar to the try in rugby). Originally, the player who scored the rouge had a chance to kick a goal, and the rouge was used as a tie-breaker if an equal number of goals was scored by each side. In the contemporary Eton College field game, a five-point score is awarded for kicking the ball so that it deflects off one of the opposing players and goes beyond the opposition's end of the pitch, and then touching the ball.
    • 1840 November 29, C. Pepys, “[Letter to the editor]”, in Bell's Life in London[3], page 4:
      The 7 got 1 "gaol" and 1 "ruge"; the 11 got 1 "gaol" and 4 "ruges"
    • 1847, H.H. Tremayne, A.R. Thompson, Field Game Rules[4]:
      A rouge is obtained by touching the ball first, after it has been kicked behind
  6. (obsolete) From 1862 to 1868, a similar scoring move in Sheffield rules football. From 1862 to 1867, accomplished by touching the ball down after it had been kicked between two "rouge flags" either side of the goal. From 1867-1868, awarded for kicking the ball between the rouge flags and under the crossbar.
    • 1862, Laws of the Sheffield Foot-Ball Club[5]:
      A rouge is obtained by the player who first touches the ball after it has been kicked between the rouge flags
  7. (chemistry, archaic) A red amorphous powder consisting of ferric oxide, used in polishing and as a cosmetic; crocus; jeweller's rouge.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

rouge (third-person singular simple present rouges, present participle rouging, simple past and past participle rouged)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To apply rouge (makeup).
    She rouged her face before setting out for the party.
    • 1852 March – 1853 September, Charles Dickens, chapter 13, in Bleak House, London: Bradbury and Evans, [], published 1853, →OCLC:
      She was a lady of about fifty, I should think, youthfully dressed, and of a very fine complexion. If I add to the little list of her accomplishments that she rouged a little, I do not mean that there was any harm in it.

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ rouge, n.2”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Middle French rouge, from Old French roge, rouge, from Latin rubeus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

rouge (plural rouges)

  1. red (of a red color)
    Le sang est rouge.Blood is red.
  2. red (left-wing, socialist)
    L’armée rouge.Red Army.

Noun edit

rouge m (plural rouges)

  1. red

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: rouge
  • Haitian Creole: rouj, wouj
  • Hijazi Arabic: ⁧روج(rōj)
  • Japanese: ルージュ (rūju)
  • Korean: 루주 (ruju)
  • Louisiana Creole: rouj
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: rouge
  • Serbo-Croatian: ruž
  • Swedish: rouge
  • Turkish: ruj

See also edit

Colors in French · couleurs (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      noir
             rouge; cramoisi, carmin              orange; brun, marron              jaune; crème
             lime              vert              menthe
             cyan, turquoise; bleu canard              azur, bleu ciel              bleu
             violet, lilas; indigo              magenta; pourpre              rose

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French roge, rouge, from Latin rubeus.

Noun edit

rouge m (uncountable)

  1. red

Adjective edit

rouge m or f (plural rouges)

  1. red

Descendants edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From French rouge (red). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red). Doublet of raud.

Noun edit

rouge m (definite singular rougen, indefinite plural rougar, definite plural rougane)

  1. (cosmetics) red makeup (for the cheeks)

References edit

Swedish edit

 
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Etymology edit

From French rouge (red). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red). Doublet of röd.

Noun edit

rouge n or c

  1. (cosmetics) rouge (red or pink makeup (for the cheeks))

Declension edit

Declension of rouge 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative rouge rouget
Genitive rouges rougets
Declension of rouge 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative rouge rougen
Genitive rouges rougens

References edit