See also:
U+6731, 朱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6731

[U+6730]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6732]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹十木 (HJD), four-corner 25900, composition丿 or ⿻𠂉)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 509, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 893, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1154, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6731

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.
硃 - cinnabar

Glyph originEdit

Ideogram (指事): a tree () with its center highlighted with an extra dot-like stroke, accentuating the tree's core; contrast , .

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Vietic *tɔh (red) (Schuessler, 2007). (OC *tjaːʔ, “red paint”) may be related.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕio/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕio/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhū
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zyu1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhū zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyu › ‹ tsyu ›
Old
Chinese
/*to/ /*to/
English dwarf red

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17569
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjo/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cinnabar; vermilion
    [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    jìn zhū zhě chì, jìn mò zhě hēi [Pinyin]
    who keeps company with the wolf will learn to howl (literally: "Proximity to cinnabar makes one red, to pitch makes one black.")
  2. bright red
  3. A surname​.
      ―  Zhū  ―  Zhu Xi (Song dynasty Neo-Confucian scholar)
      ―  Zhū Dìwén  ―  Steven Chu (an American physicist and former U.S. Secretary of Energy)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: Chu, Zhu

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 朱提 (Shūshí).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vermilion
  2. cinnabar
  3. scarlet
  4. red
  5. bloody

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あけ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(あけ) (ake

  1. crimson

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あか
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あか1
[noun] red (color)
[noun] communism, socialism
[noun] a communist
[prefix] entirely
Alternative spellings
, アカ
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: S
kan’on

(しゅ) (shu

  1. Abbreviation of 朱色 (vermilion).

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune–Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cho, chẩu, chõ, Chu, chau, châu, choa

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.