cardinal

See also: Cardinal

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle French cardinal, from Latin cardinālis (pertaining to a hinge, hence applied to that on which something turns or depends, important, principal, chief), from cardō (hinge) + -ālis, adjectival suffix.

 
A cardinal.
 
A cardinal.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɑː.dɪ.nəl/, /ˈkɑːd.nəl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɑɹdɪnəl/, /ˈkɑɹdnəl/
    • (file)
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (comparative more cardinal, superlative most cardinal)

  1. Of fundamental importance; crucial, pivotal.
    a cardinal rule
  2. (nautical) Of or relating to the cardinal directions (north, south, east and west).
    a cardinal mark
  3. Describing a "natural" number used to indicate quantity (e.g., zero, one, two, three), as opposed to an ordinal number indicating relative position.
  4. Having a bright red color (from the color of a Catholic cardinal's cassock).

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

cardinal (plural cardinals)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) One of the officials appointed by the pope in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking only below the pope and the patriarchs, constituting the special college which elects the pope.[1] (See Wikipedia article on Catholic cardinals.)
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 16, in Friday's Business:
      His uncle, a Cardinal, engages a Spanish youth of Moorish descent called Diego, an expert singer and player on the virginal, to unlock the secrets of the heart, [] and cure him by the spell of his music.
  2. Any of a genus of songbirds of the finch family, Cardinalis.
  3. Any of various related passerine birds of the family Cardinalidae (See Wikipedia article on cardinals) and other similar birds that were once considered to be related.
    • 1907 August, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, chapter V, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
      Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  4. (color) A deep red color, somewhat less vivid than scarlet, the traditional colour of a Catholic cardinal's cassock. (same as cardinal red)
    cardinal:  
    • 1914, ἄν ἀνἁβιλε, “Under the Cardinal Red and Silver Grey”, in Corks and Curls, volume 27, University of Virginia, page 28:
      The cardinal red and silver grey colors were worn with great enthusiasm. In the spring-time, when the entire student body bought their new straw hats, the bands were of cardinal and grey ribbon.
  5. (mathematics) Short for cardinal number, a number indicating quantity, or the size of a set (e.g., zero, one, two, three). (See Wikipedia article on Cardinal number.)
    • 1920, Bertrand Russell, Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, p.83:
      This cardinal number is the smallest of the infinite cardinal numbers; it is the one to which Cantor has appropriated the Hebrew aleph with the suffix 0, to distinguish it from larger infinite cardinals. Thus the name of the smallest of infinite cardinals is 0א.
  6. (grammar) Short for cardinal numeral, a word used to represent a cardinal number.
  7. Short for cardinal flower (Lobelia cardinalis), a flowering plant.
    • 1844–1857, Marion D. Sullivan (lyrics and music), “Mary Lee: A Romance of the Milton Wood” (sheet music), Boston: Oliver Ditson, page 2, verse 3:
      The sweet-briar rose with perfume good, / And the violet grows in the Milton wood, / The cardinal red—a queen is she, / But the sweetest flower is Mary Lee.
  8. Short for cardinal tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi), a freshwater fish.
  9. (now historical) A woman's short cloak with a hood, originally made of scarlet cloth.
    • 1763 August 9, The London Chronicle For the Year 1763, volume 14, page 130, column 2:
      [] ; and whilst she was looking over several pieces of each, she took an opportunity of concealing under her cardinal a piece of cotton, and several handkerchiefs, with which she went off undiscovered; [].
    • 1775, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The Duenna, I.3:
      She has valuables of mine; besides, my cardinal and veil are in her room.
    • c. 1760, Robert Lloyd, Chit-Chat, an imitation of Theocritus
      Where's your cardinal! Make haste.
    • 1823, Lionel Thomas Berguer, World, page 115:
      I have made no objection to their wearing the cardinal, though it be a habit of popish etymology, and was, I am afraid, first invented to hide the sluttishness of French dishabille.
  10. (obsolete) Mulled red wine.
    • 1861, Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford:
      He goes up, and finds the remains of the supper, Tankards full of egg-flip and cardinal, and a party playing at vingt-un.
    • 1951, Herbert Warner Allen, A Contemplation of Wine, page 116:
      A Recipe to make Cardinal, which I attribute to the German governess, raises a problem.
    • 1974, Dennis Walton Dodds, Napoleon's Love Child: A Biography of Count Leon, page 59:
      It was de Rosenberg's practice to separate young bloods from their inheritance, and to facilitate this he served them a vicious drink called 'cardinal', a mulled wine of which the ascertainable ingredients were a pineapple and several mixed vintages.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Press Office (17 Feb. 2014) , “The College of Cardinals General Documentazion”, in The Holy See.
  • (woman's cloak; mulled red wine): Hotten's Slang Dictionary (1873)

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (feminine cardinala, masculine plural cardinals, feminine plural cardinales)

  1. cardinal

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cardinālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (feminine singular cardinale, masculine plural cardinaux, feminine plural cardinales)

  1. Important; paramount.
  2. (mathematics) cardinal.

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinaux)

  1. (religion) cardinal.
  2. Cardinal number.
  3. Cardinal (bird).

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinal)

  1. cardinal (color).

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of cardinale

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinauls)

  1. (Christianity) cardinal.

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal m or f (plural cardinais, comparable)

  1. cardinal (describing a number that indicates quantity)
    Synonym: cardeal

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinais)

  1. cardinal (number indicating quantity)
    Synonym: cardeal
  2. (typography) hash (the # symbol)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French cardinal, Latin cardinālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal m or n (feminine singular cardinală, masculine plural cardinali, feminine and neuter plural cardinale)

  1. principal, essential, fundamental

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinali)

  1. (religion) cardinal
  2. cardinal (bird)
  3. a variety of grape, cultivated for consumption

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cardinālis, cardināli.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kaɾdiˈnal/, [kaɾ.ð̞iˈnal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: car‧di‧nal

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (plural cardinales)

  1. cardinal (crucial, pivotal)
    Synonym: fundamental
  2. cardinal (describing a number used to indicate quantity)
    Antonym: ordinal

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit