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See also: Cardinal

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EnglishEdit

 
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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From French cardinal, from Latin cardinālis (pertaining to a hinge, hence applied to that on which something turns or depends, important, principal, chief), from cardō (hinge) + -ālis, adjectival suffix.

 
A cardinal.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɑː.dɪ.nəl/
  • (US): IPA(key): /ˈkɑɹdɪnəl/, /ˈkɑɹdnəl/
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (comparative more cardinal, superlative most cardinal)

  1. Of fundamental importance; crucial, pivotal.
    a cardinal rule
    • Shakespeare
      But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye.
    • Sir Thomas Browne
      the cardinal intersections of the zodiac
    • Drayton
      Impudence is now a cardinal virtue.
  2. (nautical) Of or relating to the cardinal directions (north, south, east and west).
    a cardinal mark
  3. Describing a "natural" number used to indicate quantity (e.g., one, two, three), as opposed to an ordinal number indicating relative position.
  4. Having a bright red color (from the color of a Catholic cardinal's cassock).

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

cardinal (plural cardinals)

  1. A number indicating quantity, or the size of a set, e.g., one, two, three. (See Wikipedia article on Cardinal number.)
    • 1920, Bertrand Russell, Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy, p.83:
      This cardinal number is the smallest of the infinite cardinal numbers; it is the one to which Cantor has appropriated the Hebrew aleph with the suffix 0, to distinguish it from larger infinite cardinals. Thus the name of the smallest of infinite cardinals is 0א.
  2. (grammar) A word used to represent a cardinal number; a cardinal numeral.
  3. An official in the Catholic Church, ranking only below the Pope and the patriarchs. (See Wikipedia article on Catholic cardinals.)
    • 1932, Maurice Baring, chapter 16, in Friday's Business:
      His uncle, a Cardinal, engages a Spanish youth of Moorish descent called Diego, an expert singer and player on the virginal, to unlock the secrets of the heart, [] and cure him by the spell of his music.
  4. Any of a genus of songbirds of the finch family, Cardinalis.
  5. Any of various related passerine birds of the family Cardinalidae (See Wikipedia article on cardinals) and other similar birds that were once considered to be related.
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter V, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  6. A shade of scarlet, the traditional colour of a Catholic cardinal's cassock.
    cardinal colour:  
  7. (historical) A woman's short cloak with a hood.
    • Robert Lloyd (1733-1764)
      Where's your cardinal! Make haste.
  8. (obsolete) Mulled red wine.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hotten to this entry?)
  9. A freshwater fish, the cardinal tetra (Paracheirodon axelrodi).

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cardinālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (feminine singular cardinale, masculine plural cardinaux, feminine plural cardinales)

  1. Important; paramount.
  2. (mathematics) cardinal.

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinaux)

  1. (religion) cardinal.
  2. Cardinal number.
  3. Cardinal (bird).

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinal)

  1. cardinal (color).

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of cardinale

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinauls)

  1. (Christianity) cardinal.

PortugueseEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal m, f (plural cardinais, comparable)

  1. cardinal (describing a number that indicates quantity)

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinais)

  1. cardinal (number indicating quantity)
  2. (typography) hash (the # symbol)

SynonymsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French cardinal, Latin cardinālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal m, n (feminine singular cardinală, masculine plural cardinali, feminine and neuter plural cardinale)

  1. principal, essential, fundamental

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

cardinal m (plural cardinali)

  1. (religion) cardinal
  2. cardinal (bird)
  3. a variety of grape, cultivated for consumption

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cardināli, singular ablative of cardinālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cardinal (plural cardinales)

  1. cardinal Crucial, pivotal (for few cases).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit