Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: Filter

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia
 
A metal filter placed on top of a glass to produce a drip-brew Vietnamese iced coffee in Lào Cai, Vietnam

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English filtre, from Medieval Latin filtrum (compare also Old French feutre (felt; filter)), from Frankish *filtir, from Proto-Germanic *feltaz. See felt.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

filter (plural filters)

  1. A device which separates a suspended, dissolved, or particulate matter from a fluid, solution, or other substance; any device that separates one substance from another.
  2. Electronics or software that separates unwanted signals (for example noise) from wanted signals or that attenuates selected frequencies.
  3. Any item, mechanism, device or procedure that acts to separate or isolate.
    • 2013 May 25, “No hiding place”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8837, page 74:
      In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result. If the bumf arrived electronically, the take-up rate was 0.1%. And for online adverts the “conversion” into sales was a minuscule 0.01%. That means about $165 billion was spent not on drumming up business, but on annoying people, creating landfill and cluttering spam filters.
    He runs an email filter to catch the junk mail.
  4. (figuratively) self-restraint in speech.
    He's got no filter, and he's always offending people as a result.
  5. (mathematics, order theory) A non-empty upper set (of a partially ordered set) which is closed under binary infima (a.k.a. meets).
    The collection of cofinite subsets ofis a filter under inclusion: it includes the intersection of every pair of its members, and includes every superset of every cofinite set.
    If (1) the universal set (here, the set of natural numbers) were called a "large" set, (2) the superset of any "large" set were also a "large" set, and (3) the intersection of a pair of "large" sets were also a "large" set, then the set of all "large" sets would form a filter.

AntonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

filter (third-person singular simple present filters, present participle filtering, simple past and past participle filtered)

  1. (transitive) To sort, sift, or isolate.
    • This strainer should filter out the large particles.
    • 1954, Alexander Alderson, chapter 5, in The Subtle Minotaur[2]:
      “You have probably never seen anything like this before, Mr. Toler. It is baleen, or if you prefer it, whalebone, taken from the mouth of the bowhead whale. It is used by the whale to filter its food.”
  2. (transitive) To diffuse; to cause to be less concentrated or focused.
    • The leaves of the trees filtered the light.
  3. (intransitive) To pass through a filter or to act as though passing through a filter.
    • The water filtered through the rock and soil.
  4. (intransitive) To move slowly or gradually; to come or go a few at a time.
    • The crowd filtered into the theater.
  5. (intransitive) To ride a motorcycle between lanes on a road
    • I can skip past all the traffic on my bike by filtering.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to sort, sift, or isolate) to filter out (something)

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

filter n (singular definite filtret or filteret, plural indefinite filtre)

  1. filter

InflectionEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

filter m, n (plural filters, diminutive filtertje n)

  1. filter

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

filter

  1. First-person singular present of filtern.
  2. Imperative singular of filtern.

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Filter, from Medieval Latin filtrum.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈfiltɛr]
  • Hyphenation: fil‧ter

NounEdit

filter

  1. filter (any device that separates one substance from another)
  2. cigarette filter

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative filter filterek
accusative filtert filtereket
dative filternek filtereknek
instrumental filterrel filterekkel
causal-final filterért filterekért
translative filterré filterekké
terminative filterig filterekig
essive-formal filterként filterekként
essive-modal
inessive filterben filterekben
superessive filteren filtereken
adessive filternél filtereknél
illative filterbe filterekbe
sublative filterre filterekre
allative filterhez filterekhez
elative filterből filterekből
delative filterről filterekről
ablative filtertől filterektől
Possessive forms of filter
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. filterem filtereim
2nd person sing. filtered filtereid
3rd person sing. filtere filterei
1st person plural filterünk filtereink
2nd person plural filteretek filtereitek
3rd person plural filterük filtereik

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From French filtre

NounEdit

filter n (definite singular filteret or filtret, indefinite plural filter or filtre, definite plural filtra or filtrene)

  1. a filter

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From French filtre

NounEdit

filter n (definite singular filteret, indefinite plural filter, definite plural filtera)

  1. a filter

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fǐlter/
  • Hyphenation: fil‧ter

NounEdit

fìlter m (Cyrillic spelling фѝлтер)

  1. filter

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

filter n

  1. A filter.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of filter 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative filter filtret filter filtren
Genitive filters filtrets filters filtrens