See also: QUA, quá, quà, quả, quạ, and qu'à

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin quā (in the capacity of).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kwɑː/
    Rhymes: -ɑː
    (file)

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. as; in the capacity of
    • 1920, T. S. Eliot, “Hamlet and His Problems”, in The Sacred Wood:
      Qua work of art, the work of art cannot be interpreted; there is nothing to interpret; we can only criticize it according to standards, in comparison to other works of art; []
    • 1954: Gilbert Ryle, Dilemmas: The Tarner Lectures, 1953, dilemma vii: Perception, page 99 (The Syndics of the Cambridge University Press)
      As anatomy, physiology and, later, psychology have developed into more or less well-organized sciences, they have necessarily and rightly come to incorporate the study of, among other things, the structures, mechanisms, and functionings of animal and human bodies qua percipient.
    • 1962: Norman Malcolm; Dreaming; chapter nine: “Judgments in Sleep”, page 39{1}; chapter twelve: “The Concept of Dreaming”, page 68{2} (1977 paperback reprint; Routledge & Kegan Paul; ISBN 0‒7100‒3836‒4 (c), 0‒7100‒8434‒X (p))
      {1} For sleep qua sleep has no experiential content: it cannot turn out, as remarked before, that a man was not asleep because he was not having some experience or other.
      {2} I am denying that a dream qua dream is a seeming, appearance or ‘semblance of reality’.
    • 2003: Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason, page 458 (Penguin, 2004)
      It was qua poet that Byron resurrected the exploded and discarded immortal Christian soul by bodying it forth through the notion of soul conceived as poetic imagination.
    • 2005: Ulfelder, Jay.Collective Action and the Breakdown of Authoritarian Regimes. International Political Science Review, 26(3), p318. Retrieved 1615 240810 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/30039035.pdf?acceptTC=true.
      "In essence, military regimes are autocracies in which the military qua organization performs many of the functions performed by the ruling party in single-party regimes."
    • 2009: Ken Levy, Killing, Letting Die, and the Case for Mildly Punishing Bad Samaritanism, Georgia Law Review, p. 24.
      Blame qua attitude is the feeling or belief that an individual has committed a wrongdoing, usually a wrongful action and/or harm, and can be reasonably expected not to have committed this wrongdoing. Blame qua practice is the public expression of this attitude – usually by means of censure (written or verbal criticism) or punishment. Generally, the morally worse the wrongdoing, the more severe the censure/punishment.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Imitative.

InterjectionEdit

qua

  1. The cawing sound of a crow.
    • 1909, The Country Gentleman (volume 74, page 266)
      Crows have a language of their own in a wild state that any observant person can learn. [] Then he would straighten his head back and, with the most comical bowing and wagging, say: "Qua qua qua, qua qua qua" for perhaps a minute.
    • 2012, Jaman Tree, I Crow River:
      Qua... qua... qua... out of the blue I hear the crows cawing with great fanfare as they announce to the world at large that they are here by my side and intend to probe into my being.

AnagramsEdit


Classical NahuatlEdit

VerbEdit

qua

  1. Alternative spelling of cua

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

qua

  1. as, qua (in the capacity of)
  2. (as a preposition) by virtue of (because of)

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin quā (in the capacity of, by which, as far as).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. regarding, concerning, in terms of
    Qua gezondheid ben ik helemaal in orde.
    In terms of health, I'm perfectly fine.

SynonymsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin quā.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. (formal) by
    Synonyms: durch, mittels, kraft
    qua Gesetzby law
    • 2018, Kevin Rick, Verbraucherpolitik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Nomos Verlag (→ISBN), page 84:
      Die Regierung von Individuen oder Kollektiven, sei es qua Verordnung oder qua Appell, ist deshalb stets an das „Regieren des Selbst“ gekoppelt, an durch das Subjekt aktiv anzueignende Selbsttechniken bzw. Technologien des Selbst.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes used with the genitive:

qua Amtesex officio (literally, “by office”)

Further readingEdit

  • qua” in Duden online
  • qua” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French qui, que, Italian che, Spanish que, ultimately from Latin quī / quid.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

qua (plural qui)

  1. (relative pronoun) which
    Esis tre jentila homo qua helpis ni.It was a nice man who helped us.
  2. (interrogative pronoun) who
    Qua esas ita kerlo?Who is that guy?
    (direct question)
    Me ne konocas qua ita esas.I don't know who that is.
    (indirect question)

DeterminerEdit

qua

  1. (interrogative determiner) what
    Qua kamizo vu portos?What shirt are you going to wear?

Derived termsEdit

  • quo (what (thing))
  • qui (who (plural))
  • pro quo (why)

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Vulgar Latin *eccum hāc. Related to Portuguese , Spanish acá, French çà.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

qua

  1. here
    Synonym: qui

Usage notesEdit

For differences between qui / qua, see notes at qui.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Adverb declined from quī.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

quā (not comparable)

  1. On which side, at or in which place, in what direction, where, by what way (qua...ea...)
  2. as; in the capacity or character of
  3. In so far as
    ens qua ensbeing as being
  4. In what way, how, by what method; to what degree or extent
    1. (indefinite, after , nisi, num, ) anyway, anyhow, in any way
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Inflection of quī (who, which).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

quā

  1. ablative feminine singular of quī

Etymology 3Edit

  A user suggests that this Latin entry be cleaned up, giving the reason: “The note added is not in line with the source which was given at the same time.

Source:

  • "quis, any one, and quī, any, are declined like the corresponding Interrogatives, but qua is commonly used for quae except in the nominative plural feminine" + table: qua besides quae are forms of qui and not quis
  • "feminine forms qua and quae are sometimes used substantively"

.

Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

Inflection of quis (anyone, something, anyone, anything).

PronounEdit

qua

  1. inflection of quis:
    1. nominative/ablative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative neuter plural
Usage notesEdit
  • 'qua' is commonly used for 'quae' in the above forms of the indefinite variant of the pronoun 'quis'.

ReferencesEdit

  • qua”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • qua”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • qua in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: qua aetate es?
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) the connection of thought: ratio, qua sententiae inter se excipiunt.
    • (ambiguous) to let those present fix any subject they like for discussion: ponere iubere, qua de re quis audire velit (Fin. 2. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) the question at issue: res, de qua nunc quaerimus, quaeritur
  • Allen, Joseph Henry; Greenough, James B. (1903) Allen and Greenough's New Latin grammar for schools and colleges: founded on comparative grammar, Boston: Ginn and Company, § 149

Middle EnglishEdit

PronounEdit

qua

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of who (who, nominative)

Min NanEdit

EtymologyEdit

The suffix has been used since around the 17th and 18th century. Since "hong" () merchants were technically officials of the lowest (9th) rank, the suffix qua was added to their names in honour of their positions in the Qing government.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

qua (POJ koaⁿ, traditional and simplified )

  1. Irregular romanization of of koaⁿ (official)

Usage notesEdit

  • Formerly added to names of hong merchants (i.e. "Powqua," "Chinqua").

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin quā.

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. qua; as, in capacity of

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin quā.

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. qua; as, in capacity of

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse hvat, from Proto-Germanic *hwat.

PronounEdit

qua

  1. obsolete spelling of kva
    • 1695, Norske Vers til Kronprintsens Bilager, volume 21, quoted in Syn og Segn, page 272:
      Qua skall eg mejra seja[?]
      What more shall I say[?]

ReferencesEdit


RomanschEdit

AdverbEdit

qua

  1. here

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from (pass). Doublet of quá.

PrepositionEdit

qua

  1. through, across (from one side to the other)
    ô-tô chạy qua cầuthe car crosses the bridge
    xe vượt qua đèothe car crosses the mountain pass
    nhìn qua cửa sổto look through the window
    nhảy qua mươngto hop across the ditch
    lật qua trang khácto flip to another page
  2. by way of
  3. by means of, by, over, using
    nói chuyện qua điện thoạito converse over the telephone
    học tập qua kinh nghiệmto learn by experience
    hiểu biết qua thực tếto understand through reality

AdjectiveEdit

qua

  1. last (most recent)
    Đêm qua chớp bể mưa nguồn, hỏi người quân tử có buồn hay không?
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (folk poetry)
  2. ago (before now)
    • 1968, Ho Chi Minh, Thơ chúc Tết Mậu Thân:
      Xuân này hơn hẳn mấy xuân qua.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

VerbEdit

qua ()

  1. (intransitive) to have transpire, to take place
    tai qua nạn khỏi(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    nhắc lại việc đã quato recall events that have transpired
  2. (intransitive) to go over to; to spend time at
    Ông ấy qua Pháp dự một hội nghị.
    He went over to France for a conference.
  3. (transitive) to survive
    Bà cụ khó qua được đêm nay.
    The old woman struggles to survive tonight.
  4. (transitive) to escape, to elude
    Mọi việc trong cơ quan không qua được sự theo dõi của ông ta.
    Nothing in the agency can escape his watchful eye.
  5. (transitive) to cross (to move relatively); to traverse
    Qua cầu dừng bước trông cầu, cầu bao nhiêu nhịp em sầu bấy nhiêu.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (folk poetry)
  6. (transitive) to go to the front of
    Qua đình nghé nón trông đình, đình bao nhiêu ngói thương mình bấy nhiêu.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    (folk poetry)
  7. (transitive) to overcome
    khôn chẳng qua lẽ, khỏe chẳng qua lời(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  8. (intransitive) to drift past; to elapse
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms

AdverbEdit

qua

  1. across (from one side to the other), through
    nhìn quato look past
    nhảy quato hop across
  2. in passing
    dặn qua mấy lờito give a few words of advice in passing
  3. cursorily, superficially
    biết qua thế thôito know a thing or two about it
    đọc qua vài trangto skim over a few pages
  4. completely
    • 1820, Nguyễn Du, Truyện Kiều [The Tale of Kieu]:
      Trải qua một cuộc bể dâu / Những điều trông thấy mà đau đớn lòng.
      Through the whirligig of time / There are events which wrench one’s heart

Etymology 2Edit

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: ngã).

PronounEdit

qua

  1. (archaic, men's speech or Southern Vietnam) I; me
    Hôm qua qua bảo qua qua mà qua không qua. Hôm nay qua không bảo qua qua mà qua lại qua.
    Yesterday ah said ah'd cuhm over but ah ain't cuhm. Today ah ain't say ah'd cuhm over but ah came.
    Qua đã nói với bậu, nhưng bậu chẳng nghe.
    Ah told ya but ya wouldn’t listen.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

RomanizationEdit

qua

  1. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  2. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  3. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  4. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  5. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  6. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  7. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  8. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  9. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  10. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  11. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  12. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  13. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  14. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  15. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  16. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  17. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  18. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  19. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  20. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  21. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  22. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  23. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  24. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  25. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  26. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  27. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  28. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  29. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  30. Sino-Vietnamese reading of
  31. Sino-Vietnamese reading of

ReferencesEdit