See also: Hospital and hôpital

English edit

 
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Etymology edit

 
A room in a hospital

From Middle English hospital, hospitall, from Old French hospital (Modern French hôpital), from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from noun use of Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest). Doublet of hotel and hostel. Displaced native Middle English lechehous, from Old English lǣċehūs (literally doctor house).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hospital (countable and uncountable, plural hospitals)

  1. A large medical facility, usually in a building with multiple floors, where seriously ill or injured patients are given extensive medical and/or surgical treatment.
    Luckily an ambulance arrived quickly and he was rushed to hospital. (UK)
    Luckily an ambulance arrived quickly and he was rushed to the hospital. (US)
    • 2010, Sameer P. Sarkar, “Mental health law and the mentally disordered offender”, in Annie Bartlett, Gill McGauley, editors, Forensic Mental Health: Concepts, Systems, and Practice, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, section 3 (Law), page 265:
      This section of the Act gives the court powers to assess whether treatment is going to be beneficial and hence whether hospital is a suitable disposal option.
  2. A building founded for the long-term care of its residents, such as an almshouse. The residents may have no physical ailments, but simply need financial support.
  3. (obsolete) A place of lodging.

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Adjective edit

hospital (comparative more hospital, superlative most hospital)

  1. (obsolete) Hospitable.

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable).

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital (building)

Catalan edit

 
Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), noun use of Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of the inherited hostal.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitals)

  1. hospital

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Further reading edit

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English hospital, borrowed from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal
  • IPA(key): /ˌhospiˈtal/, [ˌhos̪.pɪˈt̪al̪]

Noun edit

hóspitál (Badlit spelling ᜑᜓᜐ᜔ᜉᜒᜆᜎ᜔)

  1. a hospital
    Synonyms: ospital, tambalanan

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospital, guesthouse), from the neuter form of Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest, stranger).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hɔspitaːl/, [hɔsb̥iˈtˢæːˀl] or IPA(key): /hospitaːl/, [hosb̥iˈtˢæːˀl]

Noun edit

hospital n (singular definite hospitalet, plural indefinite hospitaler)

  1. hospital

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French edit

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Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitaux)

  1. Obsolete spelling of hôpital

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese hospital, espital, spital, borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitais)

  1. hospital
    Foi visitar un enfermo ao hospital. Un hospital privado.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

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hospital (comparative plus hospital, superlative le plus hospital)

  1. hospitable
    • 1992, Ramiro Castro, “Un septimana in asuncion”, in Panorama in Interlingua, volume 1992, number martio-april:
      Le populo es multo hospital e amabile.
      The people are very hospitable and amiable.

Noun edit

hospital (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital
    • 1959 March, A. Donald Merritt, Bernard F. Fetter, “Toxic Hepatic Necrosis (Hepatitis) due to Isoniazid: Report of a Case with Cirrhosis and Death due to Hemorrhage from Esophageal Varices”, in Annals of Internal Medicine, page 810:
      Esseva constatate plus tarde que illa habeva recipite streptomycina, isoniazido, e acido para-aminosalicylic un anno previemente a un altere hospital.
      It was established later that she had received streptomycin, isoniazid and para-aminosalicylic acid a year earlier at another hospital.

Malay edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English hospital, from Middle English hospital, from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /hosˈpital/, [hosˈpi.t̪al]
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal
  • Rhymes: -ital

Noun edit

hospital (Jawi spellingهوسڤيتل⁩, plural hospital-hospital, informal 1st possessive hospitalku, 2nd possessive hospitalmu, 3rd possessive hospitalnya)

  1. hospital

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Middle English edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old French hospital, from Latin hospitālis, hospitāle. Doublet of hostel.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɔspiˈtaːl/, /ˈɔspital/

Noun edit

hospital (plural hospitals)

  1. A hostel or guesthouse; a place of accommodation or lodging.
  2. A shelter for the poor, ill or otherwise needy.
  3. A place of refuge; a retreat or redoubt.
  4. The Knights Hospitaller (a religious order)

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Adjective edit

hospital

  1. hospitable

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Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French hospital (Modern French hôpital), borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse) from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest).

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitaulx)

  1. hospital (medical)

Descendants edit

Old French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis, hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable), from hospes (host, guest). Compare the inherited ostel.

Noun edit

hospital oblique singularm (oblique plural hospitaus or hospitax or hospitals, nominative singular hospitaus or hospitax or hospitals, nominative plural hospital)

  1. hospital (medical)

Descendants edit

Adjective edit

hospital m (oblique and nominative feminine singular hospitale)

  1. hospitable; welcoming

Declension edit

Old Occitan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin hospitāle (hospital; guesthouse), noun use of the neuter form of hospitālis (pertaining to a host or guest).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

hospital m (oblique plural hospitals, nominative singular hospitals, nominative plural hospital)

  1. hospital
    • 12th c., Lo codi [The Code], translation of Codex Justinianeus by Justinian I:
      A gleisas et a hospitals
      to churches and hospitals
  2. One of several religious orders.

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Portuguese edit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese hospital, espital, spital, borrowed from Late Latin hospitālis (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of the inherited hospedal.

Pronunciation edit

 
 

  • (Northeast Brazil) IPA(key): /ɔs.piˈtaw/
  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitais)

  1. hospital
    Synonym: nosocómio

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Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin hospitāle (hospice, shelter, guesthouse), from Latin hospitālis (hospitable). Doublet of hostal.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ospiˈtal/ [os.piˈt̪al]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: hos‧pi‧tal

Noun edit

hospital m (plural hospitales)

  1. hospital
    Synonym: nosocomio

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Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin hospitale, nominalisation of Latin hospitalis (hospitality).

Noun edit

hospital n

  1. (archaic, 11th century) lodging for travelers
  2. (archaic, middle age) leprosarium; care facility for the leprous
    • 1844, Magnus Jacob Crusenstolpe, Morianen, eller Holstein-Gottorpiska huset i Sverige. Tidsbilder, började på fästningen. Sjette och sista delen[1], page 44:
      Hennes person kan liknas vid ett hospital, som utanpå är likt ett nymåladt palats, men hyser inom sig död, sjukdom och förskräckelse; []
      Her person may be likened to a leprosarium, which on the outside is like a newly painted palace, but harbors within it death, disease, and horror; []
  3. (archaic, 15th century) care facility for the elderly, disabled, and sick
    Synonym: helgeandshus
  4. (archaic, 19th century) mental hospital
    • 1835, Victor August Altén, “Jorden [Earth]”, in Dikter II, page 94:
      Mången tror den är ett hospital,
      då han ser så många dårar samla
      sig uti dess stora gästningssal,
      och, som blinda, kring dess väggar famla.
      Many believe it's a madhouse,
      when they see so many fools gather,
      in its large reception hall,
      and, like the blind, stumble around its walls.
    • 1843–1846, August Blanche, “En trappa upp och på nedra botten, eller Grosshandlaren och Klädmäklaren [1843]”, in Theater-stycken I[2], page 76:
      Hvar har ni fått de der idéerna ifrån? ni måtte ha rymt från något hospital i Frankrike?
      Where did you get those ideas from? you must have escaped from some mental institution in France?

Declension edit

Declension of hospital 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hospital hospitalet hospital hospitalen
Genitive hospitals hospitalets hospitals hospitalens