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EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From instrui +‎ -o.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

instruo (accusative singular instruon, plural instruoj, accusative plural instruojn)

  1. instruction, teaching

Derived termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From in- (in, at, on) +‎ struō (pile up, arrange; construct).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

īnstruō (present infinitive īnstruere, perfect active īnstrūxī, supine īnstrūctum); third conjugation, limited passive

  1. I build in or into, insert; erect, construct
  2. I arrange, organise or organize, plan; devise
  3. I prepare (for), provide (for), make ready, set up, furnish, provide, equip, fit out, procure
  4. I provide with information, teach, inform, instruct
  5. (military) I draw up (in battle formation), array, set in order, form

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of īnstruō (third conjugation, only third-person forms in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnstruō īnstruis īnstruit īnstruimus īnstruitis īnstruunt
imperfect īnstruēbam īnstruēbās īnstruēbat īnstruēbāmus īnstruēbātis īnstruēbant
future īnstruam īnstruēs īnstruet īnstruēmus īnstruētis īnstruent
perfect īnstrūxī īnstrūxistī īnstrūxit īnstrūximus īnstrūxistis īnstrūxērunt, īnstrūxēre
pluperfect īnstrūxeram īnstrūxerās īnstrūxerat īnstrūxerāmus īnstrūxerātis īnstrūxerant
future perfect īnstrūxerō īnstrūxeris īnstrūxerit īnstrūxerimus īnstrūxeritis īnstrūxerint
passive present īnstruitur īnstruuntur
imperfect īnstruēbātur īnstruēbantur
future īnstruētur īnstruentur
perfect īnstrūctus est īnstrūctī sunt
pluperfect īnstrūctus erat īnstrūctī erant
future perfect īnstrūctus erit īnstrūctī erunt
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnstruam īnstruās īnstruat īnstruāmus īnstruātis īnstruant
imperfect īnstruerem īnstruerēs īnstrueret īnstruerēmus īnstruerētis īnstruerent
perfect īnstrūxerim īnstrūxerīs īnstrūxerit īnstrūxerīmus īnstrūxerītis īnstrūxerint
pluperfect īnstrūxissem īnstrūxissēs īnstrūxisset īnstrūxissēmus īnstrūxissētis īnstrūxissent
passive present īnstruātur īnstruantur
imperfect īnstruerētur īnstruerentur
perfect īnstrūctus sit īnstrūctī sint
pluperfect īnstrūctus esset, īnstrūctus foret īnstrūctī essent, īnstrūctī forent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnstrue īnstruite
future īnstruitō īnstruitō īnstruitōte īnstruuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives īnstruere īnstrūxisse īnstrūctūrum esse īnstruī īnstrūctum esse īnstrūctum īrī
participles īnstruēns īnstrūctūrus īnstrūctus īnstruendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
īnstruendī īnstruendō īnstruendum īnstruendō īnstrūctum īnstrūctū


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • instruo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • instruo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • instruo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to waylay a person: insidias alicui parare, facere, struere, instruere, tendere
    • to prepare, give a feast, dinner: convivium instruere, apparare, ornare (magnifice, splendide)
    • to load the tables with the most exquisite viands: mensas exquisitissimis epulis instruere (Tusc. 5. 21. 62)
    • to draw up forces in battle-order: aciem (copias, exercitum) instruere or in acie constituere
    • to draw up the army in three lines: aciem triplicem instruere (B. G. 1. 24)
    • to equip a boat, a fleet: navem (classem) armare, ornare, instruere

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

instruo

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of instruir