Open main menu
See also: Kinga

Contents

SwahiliEdit

VerbEdit

-kinga (infinitive kukinga)

  1. protect, shield
  2. ward off, obstruct, thwart

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of -kinga
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kukinga kutokinga
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative kinga kingeni
Habitual hukinga
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikinga
nalikinga
tulikinga
twalikinga
ulikinga
walikinga
mlikinga
mwalikinga
alikinga walikinga ulikinga ilikinga lilikinga yalikinga kilikinga vilikinga ilikinga zilikinga ulikinga kulikinga palikinga mulikinga
Relative niliokinga
naliokinga
tuliokinga
twaliokinga
uliokinga
waliokinga
mliokinga
mwaliokinga
aliokinga waliokinga uliokinga iliokinga liliokinga yaliokinga kiliokinga viliokinga iliokinga ziliokinga uliokinga kuliokinga paliokinga muliokinga
Negative sikukinga hatukukinga hukukinga hamkukinga hakukinga hawakukinga haukukinga haikukinga halikukinga hayakukinga hakikukinga havikukinga haikukinga hazikukinga haukukinga hakukukinga hapakukinga hamukukinga
Present
Positive ninakinga
nakinga
tunakinga unakinga mnakinga anakinga wanakinga unakinga inakinga linakinga yanakinga kinakinga vinakinga inakinga zinakinga unakinga kunakinga panakinga munakinga
Relative ninaokinga
naokinga
tunaokinga unaokinga mnaokinga anaokinga wanaokinga unaokinga inaokinga linaokinga yanaokinga kinaokinga vinaokinga inaokinga zinaokinga unaokinga kunaokinga panaokinga munaokinga
Negative sikingi hatukingi hukingi hamkingi hakingi hawakingi haukingi haikingi halikingi hayakingi hakikingi havikingi haikingi hazikingi haukingi hakukingi hapakingi hamukingi
Future
Positive nitakinga tutakinga utakinga mtakinga atakinga watakinga utakinga itakinga litakinga yatakinga kitakinga vitakinga itakinga zitakinga utakinga kutakinga patakinga mutakinga
Relative nitakaokinga tutakaokinga utakaokinga mtakaokinga atakaokinga watakaokinga utakaokinga itakaokinga litakaokinga yatakaokinga kitakaokinga vitakaokinga itakaokinga zitakaokinga utakaokinga kutakaokinga patakaokinga mutakaokinga
Negative sitakinga hatutakinga hutakinga hamtakinga hatakinga hawatakinga hautakinga haitakinga halitakinga hayatakinga hakitakinga havitakinga haitakinga hazitakinga hautakinga hakutakinga hapatakinga hamutakinga
Subjunctive
Positive nikinge tukinge ukinge mkinge akinge wakinge ukinge ikinge likinge yakinge kikinge vikinge ikinge zikinge ukinge kukinge pakinge mukinge
Negative nisikinge tusikinge usikinge msikinge asikinge wasikinge usikinge isikinge lisikinge yasikinge kisikinge visikinge isikinge zisikinge usikinge kusikinge pasikinge musikinge
Present Conditional
Positive ningekinga tungekinga ungekinga mngekinga angekinga wangekinga ungekinga ingekinga lingekinga yangekinga kingekinga vingekinga ingekinga zingekinga ungekinga kungekinga pangekinga mungekinga
Negative nisingekinga
singekinga
tusingekinga
hatungekinga
usingekinga
hungekinga
msingekinga
hamngekinga
asingekinga
hangekinga
wasingekinga
hawangekinga
usingekinga
haungekinga
isingekinga
haingekinga
lisingekinga
halingekinga
yasingekinga
hayangekinga
kisingekinga
hakingekinga
visingekinga
havingekinga
isingekinga
haingekinga
zisingekinga
hazingekinga
usingekinga
haungekinga
kusingekinga
hakungekinga
pasingekinga
hapangekinga
musingekinga
hamungekinga
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikinga tungalikinga ungalikinga mngalikinga angalikinga wangalikinga ungalikinga ingalikinga lingalikinga yangalikinga kingalikinga vingalikinga ingalikinga zingalikinga ungalikinga kungalikinga pangalikinga mungalikinga
Negative nisingalikinga
singalikinga
tusingalikinga
hatungalikinga
usingalikinga
hungalikinga
msingalikinga
hamngalikinga
asingalikinga
hangalikinga
wasingalikinga
hawangalikinga
usingalikinga
haungalikinga
isingalikinga
haingalikinga
lisingalikinga
halingalikinga
yasingalikinga
hayangalikinga
kisingalikinga
hakingalikinga
visingalikinga
havingalikinga
isingalikinga
haingalikinga
zisingalikinga
hazingalikinga
usingalikinga
haungalikinga
kusingalikinga
hakungalikinga
pasingalikinga
hapangalikinga
musingalikinga
hamungalikinga
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikinga tungelikinga ungelikinga mngelikinga angelikinga wangelikinga ungelikinga ingelikinga lingelikinga yangelikinga kingelikinga vingelikinga ingelikinga zingelikinga ungelikinga kungelikinga pangelikinga mungelikinga
General Relative
Positive nikingao tukingao ukingao mkingao akingao wakingao ukingao ikingao likingao yakingao kikingao vikingao ikingao zikingao ukingao kukingao pakingao mukingao
Negative nisiokinga tusiokinga usiokinga msiokinga asiokinga wasiokinga usiokinga isiokinga lisiokinga yasiokinga kisiokinga visiokinga isiokinga zisiokinga usiokinga kusiokinga pasiokinga musiokinga
Gnomic
Positive nakinga twakinga wakinga mwakinga akinga wakinga wakinga yakinga lakinga yakinga chakinga vyakinga yakinga zakinga wakinga kwakinga pakinga mwakinga
Perfect
Positive nimekinga tumekinga umekinga mmekinga amekinga wamekinga umekinga imekinga limekinga yamekinga kimekinga vimekinga imekinga zimekinga umekinga kumekinga pamekinga mumekinga
"Already"
Positive nimeshakinga tumeshakinga umeshakinga mmeshakinga ameshakinga wameshakinga umeshakinga imeshakinga limeshakinga yameshakinga kimeshakinga vimeshakinga imeshakinga zimeshakinga umeshakinga kumeshakinga pameshakinga mumeshakinga
"Not yet"
Negative sijakinga hatujakinga hujakinga hamjakinga hajakinga hawajakinga haujakinga haijakinga halijakinga hayajakinga hakijakinga havijakinga haijakinga hazijakinga haujakinga hakujakinga hapajakinga hamujakinga
"If/When"
Positive nikikinga tukikinga ukikinga mkikinga akikinga wakikinga ukikinga ikikinga likikinga yakikinga kikikinga vikikinga ikikinga zikikinga ukikinga kukikinga pakikinga mukikinga
"If not"
Negative nisipokinga tusipokinga usipokinga msipokinga asipokinga wasipokinga usipokinga isipokinga lisipokinga yasipokinga kisipokinga visipokinga isipokinga zisipokinga usipokinga kusipokinga pasipokinga musipokinga
Consecutive
Positive nikakinga tukakinga ukakinga mkakinga akakinga wakakinga ukakinga ikakinga likakinga yakakinga kikakinga vikakinga ikakinga zikakinga ukakinga kukakinga pakakinga mukakinga
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

NounEdit

kinga (n class, plural kinga) or kinga (ki-vi class, plural vinga)

  1. something which blocks, protects, or obstructs

SynonymsEdit