CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *za-. Prefixed form of the preposition za.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. Behind, off (out of the field of vision) (used with the preposition za)
    za- + ‎jít → ‎zajít
    Zašel za strom.He went behind a tree.
    Slunce zašlo za mraky.The sun went behind the clouds.
  2. Turn aside into, get into
    za- + ‎hnout → ‎zahnout
    za- + ‎bodnout → ‎zabodnout
    za- + ‎milovat (to love) → ‎zamilovat se (fall in love)
    Nikdy se nechci zamilovat.I never want to fall in love.
  3. Covering by carrying out another activity, cover over, block
    za- + ‎krýt → ‎zakrýt
    za- + ‎balit → ‎zabalit
    za- + ‎růst → ‎zarůst
    za- + ‎malovat → ‎zamalovat
    za- + ‎stínit → ‎zastínit
    Ulice se zalidnily.The street got crowded.
  4. Activity carried our with pleasure (with reflexive si)
    za- + ‎plavat → ‎zaplavat si
    Chci si jít zaplavat.I want to go for a swim.
    za- + ‎tančit → ‎zatančit si
    za- + ‎kouřit → ‎zakouřit si
  5. Immerse in, full devotion to an activity
    za- + ‎poslouchat → ‎zaposlouchat se
    Zaposlouchal se do hudby.He immersed himself in the music.
    za- + ‎číst → ‎začíst se
    za- + ‎myslet → ‎zamyslet se
    Nad otázkou se hluboce zamyslel.He thought deeply about the question.
  6. Put away, lose, destroy
    za- + ‎hodit → ‎zahodit
    za- + ‎bít → ‎zabít
    za- + ‎střelit → ‎zastřelit
    za- + ‎dýchat (to breathe) → ‎zadýchat se (to get out of breath)
    Zadýchám se, když běžím nahoru po schodech.I get winded when I run up the stairs.
  7. Instead of, in place of
    za- + ‎stoupit → ‎zastoupit
    za- + ‎měnit (to change) → ‎zaměnit (to mix up, to swap)
    Jo, je dobré to trochu zaměnit.Yeah, it's good to mix it up.
  8. (inchoative usage) to begin (not a common usage)
    za- + ‎topit → ‎zatopit
    za- + ‎pálit → ‎zapálit
  9. Saturation
  10. Forms adjectives referring to places

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • za-/zá- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Northern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *jíá-.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. of; class 8 possessive concord.
  2. of; class 10 possessive concord.

Old PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *za-.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. Derives verbs of various meanings.
    za- + ‎ślepy → ‎zaślepić

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Polish: za-

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Polish za-, from Proto-Slavic *za-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. Forms perfective semelfactive verbs, usually indicating a thorough or irreversible action
    za- + ‎kryć → ‎zakryć

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • za- in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

za- (Cyrillic spelling за-)

  1. Prefix prepended to adjectives to create an adjective denoting a finished action.

Derived termsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *za-. Prefixed form of the preposition za.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      za- + ‎čutīti (to feel) → ‎začutīti (to feel)
    2. moving behind
      za- + ‎īti (to go) → ‎zaíti (to set (of the sun))
    3. moving into
      za- + ‎brésti (to wade) → ‎zabrésti (to wade into)
    4. to begin, to start (inchoative)
      za- + ‎díhati (to breathe) → ‎zadíhati (to start to breathe)
    5. in error, to a loss
      za- + ‎īti (to go) → ‎zaíti (to go astray)
      za- + ‎kọ̑ckati (to play dice) → ‎zakọ̑ckati (to gamble away)
    6. (reflexive) for a long time, too long
      za- + ‎govorīti (to speak) → ‎zagovorīti (to talk for a long time/too long)
    7. to cover, to fill
      za- + ‎mésti (to snow) → ‎zamésti (to snow in, to cover in snow)

Derived termsEdit


Southern NdebeleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *jíá-.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. of; class 8 possessive concord.
  2. of; class 10 possessive concord.

XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *jíá-.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. of; class 8 possessive concord.
  2. of; class 10 possessive concord.

ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *jíá-.

PrefixEdit

za-

  1. of; class 8 possessive concord.
  2. of; class 10 possessive concord.

ReferencesEdit