English edit

Etymology edit

From Old French, from Latin perplexus (entangled, confused), from per (through) + plexus, perfect passive participle of plectō (plait, weave, braid).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

perplex (third-person singular simple present perplexes, present participle perplexing, simple past and past participle perplexed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to feel baffled; to puzzle.
  2. (transitive) To involve; to entangle; to make intricate or complicated.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To plague; to vex; to torment.
    • 1726, George Granville, Chloe:
      Chloe's the wonder of her sex, 'Tis well her heart is tender, How might such killing eyes perplex, With virtue to defend her.
    • 1850, [Alfred, Lord Tennyson], In Memoriam, London: Edward Moxon, [], →OCLC, Canto IX:
      All night no ruder air perplex
      ⁠Thy sliding keel, till Phosphor, bright
      ⁠As our pure love, thro’ early light
      Shall glimmer on the dewy decks.

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Adjective edit

perplex (comparative more perplex, superlative most perplex)

  1. (now rare) intricate; difficult
    • 1665, Joseph Glanvill, Scepsis Scientifica: Or, Confest Ignorance, the Way to Science; [], London: [] E. C[otes] for Henry Eversden [], →OCLC:
      How the soul directs the spirits for the motion of the body, according to the several animal exigents, is as perplex in the Theory, as either of the former.
    • 2007, Sean Brayton, “MTV's Jackass: Transgression, Abjection and the Economy of White Masculinity”, in Journal of Gender Studies, volume 16, page 58:
      Finally, I explore possible audience interpretations of the film and offer some alternative reading strategies of these highly perplex sketches.

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

perplex (plural perplexes)

  1. (obsolete) A difficulty.

Further reading edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch perplex, borrowed from Middle French perplex.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pɛrˈplɛks/, /pərˈplɛks/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: per‧plex
  • Rhymes: -ɛks

Adjective edit

perplex (comparative perplexer, superlative meest perplex or perplext)

  1. perplexed, befuddled
    Synonym: stomverbaasd

Inflection edit

Declension of perplex
uninflected perplex
inflected perplexe
comparative perplexer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial perplex perplexer het perplext
het perplexte
indefinite m./f. sing. perplexe perplexere perplexte
n. sing. perplex perplexer perplexte
plural perplexe perplexere perplexte
definite perplexe perplexere perplexte
partitive perplex perplexers

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French perplexe, from Latin perplexus.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pɛʁˈplɛks/
  • Rhymes: -ɛks
  • Hyphenation: per‧plex
  • (file)

Adjective edit

perplex (strong nominative masculine singular perplexer, comparative perplexer, superlative am perplexesten)

  1. (colloquial, rarely attributive) confused, perplexed, puzzled
    Synonyms: verdutzt, verblüfft, verwirrt

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French perplexe, from Latin perplex.

Adjective edit

perplex m or n (feminine singular perplexă, masculine plural perplecși, feminine and neuter plural perplexe)

  1. perplexed

Declension edit

Swedish edit

Adjective edit

perplex (comparative mer perplex, superlative mest perplex)

  1. perplexed

Declension edit

Inflection of perplex
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular perplex mer perplex mest perplex
Neuter singular perplext mer perplext mest perplext
Plural perplexa mer perplexa mest perplexa
Masculine plural3 perplexe mer perplexa mest perplexa
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 perplexe mer perplexe mest perplexe
All perplexa mer perplexa mest perplexa
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

References edit