See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
句-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
句-oracle.svg 句-bronze.svg 句-silk.svg 句-bigseal.svg 句-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

The now resembles the unrelated .

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心口 (PR), four-corner 27620, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 171, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 382, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 571, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53E5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕy⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ki⁵³/
Taoyuan /ki⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /køy³³/
Nanning /ky³³/
Hong Kong /køy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ku²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ku²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨo/ /gi̯u/ /ɡio/ /ɡio/ /guə̆/ /ɡĭu/ /ɡio/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/ /kə̯u/ /ku/ /kəu/ /kəw/ /kəu/ /kəu/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨoH/ /ki̯uH/ /kioH/ /kioH/ /kuə̆H/ /kĭuH/ /kioH/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/ /kə̯uH/ /kuH/ /kəuH/ /kəwH/ /kəuH/ /kəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōu ‹ kuw › /*[k]ˤ(r)o/ curved
gòu ‹ kuwH › /*[k]ˤ(r)ok-s/ loan for 彀 draw a bow to the full
‹ kjuH › /*[k](r)o-s/ phrase

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7064 0 /*koː/
7079 0 /*koːs/
7102 0 /*kos/ 朱駿聲從丩口聲
7108 0 /*ɡo/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Sentence; phrase.
  2. Classifier for sentences.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(kjuH, phrase).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. a short section from a longer text:
    1. a phrase or clause
    2. a sentence or line
    3. a passage or paragraph
    4. a verse from a song
    5. a stanza from a poem

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ku)

  1. counter for stanzas from a poem or for haiku

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu, gwi) (hangeul , , revised gu, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kwi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(câu, , cấu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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