Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+53E5, 句
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53E5

[U+53E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53E6]
See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心口 (PR), four-corner 27620, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 171, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 382, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 571, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53E5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo): phonetic  (OC *kɯw, *krɯw) + semantic .

The component now resembles the unrelated .

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕy⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ki⁵³/
Taoyuan /ki⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /køy³³/
Nanning /ky³³/
Hong Kong /køy³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ku²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ku²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sentence; phrase
  2. Classifier for sentences.
    一共 [MSC, trad.]
    一共 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā yīgòng yě méi shuō jǐ huà. [Pinyin]
    He didn't say much. [lit. He didn't say many sentences.]

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical geometry) Alternative form of : the shorter leg of a right triangle.
Coordinate termsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kjuH, phrase).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ku)

  1. a short section from a longer text:
    1. a phrase or clause
    2. a sentence or line
    3. a passage or paragraph
    4. a verse from a song
    5. a stanza from a poem

CounterEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -ku)

  1. counter for stanzas from a poem or for haiku

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gu, gwi) (hangeul , , revised gu, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(câu, , cấu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999