smite

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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English smiten, from Old English smītan ‎(to daub, smear, smudge; soil, defile, pollute), from Proto-Germanic *smītaną ‎(to sling; throw), from Proto-Indo-European *smeyd- ‎(to smear, whisk, strike, rub). Cognate with Saterland Frisian smieta ‎(to throw, toss), West Frisian smite ‎(to throw), Low German smieten ‎(to throw, chuck, toss), Dutch smijten ‎(to fling, hurl, throw), Middle Low German besmitten ‎(to soil, sully), German schmeißen ‎(to fling, throw), Danish smide ‎(to throw), Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐍃𐌼𐌴𐌹𐍄𐌰𐌽 ‎(bismeitan).

VerbEdit

smite ‎(third-person singular simple present smites, present participle smiting, simple past smote or (obsolete) smit, past participle smitten or smited)

  1. (archaic) To hit.
    • Bible, Matthew v.39:
      Whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.
    • 1906, Stanley J. Weyman, Chippinge Borough, chapterI:
      It was April 22, 1831, and a young man was walking down Whitehall in the direction of Parliament Street. []. He halted opposite the Privy Gardens, and, with his face turned skywards, listened until the sound of the Tower guns smote again on the ear and dispelled his doubts.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot, Ch.IV:
      "Right you are!" I cried. "We must believe the other until we prove it false. We can't afford to give up heart now, when we need heart most. The branch was carried down by a river, and we are going to find that river." I smote my open palm with a clenched fist, to emphasize a determination unsupported by hope.
  2. To strike down or kill with godly force.
  3. To injure with divine power.
  4. To put to rout in battle; to overthrow by war.
  5. To afflict; to chasten; to punish.
    • William Wake (1657-1737)
      Let us not mistake God's goodness, nor imagine, because he smites us, that we are forsaken by him.
  6. (figuratively, now only in passive) To strike with love or infatuation.
    Bob was smitten with Laura from the first time he saw her.

TranslationsEdit

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West FrisianEdit

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