From Middle English routen, ruten, from Old English hrūtan (“to make a noise, whiz, snore”), also rēotan, *hrēotan (“to make a noise, make a noise in grief, weep, mourn, lament, wail, shed tears”), both from Proto-Germanic *hrūtaną, *hreutaną (“to snore, snort”), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *kor-, *kr- (“to croak, crow”). Cognate with Middle Dutch ruyten (“to make a noise, chatter, chirp”), Middle High German rūzen, rūssen (“to make a noise, rattle, buzz, snore”), Icelandic rjóta, hrjóta (“to roar, rattle, snore”). Related also to Swedish ryta (“to roar, bellow, shout”), Icelandic rauta (“to roar”).
- (intransitive) To make a noise; roar; bellow; snort.
- (intransitive) To snore; snore loudly.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
- (intransitive) To belch.
- (intransitive) To howl as the wind; make a roaring noise.
- root (cheer)
rout (plural routs)
- A noise; a loud noise; a bellowing; a shouting; clamor; an uproar; disturbance; tumult.
- This new book the whole world makes such a rout about.
- "My child, it is not well," I said, / "Among the graves to shout; / To laugh and play among the dead, / And make this noisy rout."
From Middle English ruten (“to rush, dart, dash, beat”), from Old Norse hrjóta (“to jump down, fall out, plunge, hurl, burst forth, rebound, fly, be flung”), from Proto-Germanic *hreutaną (“to plunge, rush, hurl, shatter, fall, break”), from Proto-Indo-European *kreu- (“to fall, plunge, rush, topple”). Cognate with Middle High German rûzen (“to move quickly, storm”). Related also to Old English hrēosan (“to fall, sink, fall down, go to ruin, rush, rush upon, attack”). More at rush.
rout (plural routs)
- (now chiefly dialectal) A violent movement; a great or violent stir; a heavy blow; a stunning blow; a stroke.
1598, "disorderly retreat," from Middle French route "disorderly flight of troops," literally "a breaking off, rupture," from Vulgar Latin rupta "a dispersed group," literally "a broken group," from Latin rupta, feminine past participle of rumpere "to break" (see rupture). The verb is from 1600.
rout (plural routs)
- A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng.
- A rout of people there assembled were.
- A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.
- the endless routs of wretched thralls
- the ringleader and head of all this rout
- Nor do I name of men the common rout.
- 1663, Hudibras, by Samuel Butler, part 1, canto 1
- When Gospel-Trumpeter, surrounded / With long-ear'd rout, to battle sounded, / And pulpit, drum ecclesiastick, / Was beat with fist, instead of a stick;
- 1928, H. P. Lovecraft, "The Call of Cthulhu", Weird Tales, Vol. 11, No. 2, pages 159–178, 287:
- […] although there must have been nearly a hundred mongrel celebrants in the throng, the police relied on their firearms and plunged determinedly into the nauseous rout.
- The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army.
- The rout of the enemy was complete.
- Thy army […] / Dispersed in rout, betook them all to fly.
- Alexander Pope
- To these glad conquest, murderous rout to those.
- (law) A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Wharton to this entry?)
- A fashionable assembly, or large evening party.
- at routs and dances
- routous, routously
- (transitive) To defeat completely, forcing into disorderly retreat.
- That party […] that charged the Scots, so totally routed and defeated their whole army, that they fled.
- 2009 January 30, Adam Entous, "Mitchell warns of setbacks ahead in Mideast talks" (news article), Reuters:
- Israel tightened its blockade of the Gaza Strip after Hamas routed secular Fatah forces loyal to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and seized control of the enclave in June 2007.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To assemble in a crowd, whether orderly or disorderly; to collect in company.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
Alteration of root.
- To search or root in the ground, as a swine.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Edwards to this entry?)
- To scoop out with a gouge or other tool; to furrow.
- To use a router in woodworking.
rout (masculine rouden, feminine rout, neuter rout)
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