Etymology 1 edit
- A small wheel or roller, specifically the wheel of a gun carriage.
- 1843, James Fenimore Cooper, chapter 3, in Wyandotte:
- “Put that cannon up once, and I'll answer for it that no Injin faces it. 'Twill be as good as a dozen sentinels,” answered Joel. “As for mountin’, I thought of that before I said a syllable about the crittur. There's the new truck-wheels in the court, all ready to hold it, and the carpenters can put the hinder part to the whull, in an hour or two.”
- The ball on top of a flagpole.
- (nautical) On a wooden mast, a circular disc (or sometimes a rectangle) of wood near or at the top of the mast, usually with holes or sheaves to reeve signal halyards; also a temporary or emergency place for a lookout. "Main" refers to the mainmast, whereas a truck on another mast may be called (on the mizzenmast, for example) "mizzen-truck".
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, →OCLC:
- But oh! shipmates! on the starboard hand of every woe, there is a sure delight; and higher the top of that delight, than the bottom of the woe is deep. Is not the main-truck higher than the kelson is low?
- (countable, uncountable, US, Australia) A heavier motor vehicle designed to carry goods or to pull a semi-trailer designed to carry goods.
- Synonyms: rig, (if a lighter truck) pickup truck, (if used to pull a semitrailer) semi-trailer truck, (chiefly British) lorry
- Mexican open-bed trucks haul most of the fresh produce that comes into the United States from Mexico.
- 1922, Sinclair Lewis, chapter 1, in Babbit:
- A line of fifty trucks from the Zenith Steel and Machinery Company was attacked by strikers-rushing out from the sidewalk, pulling drivers from the seats, smashing carburetors and commutators, while telephone girls cheered from the walk, and small boys heaved bricks.
- 2009, James Beach, Peterbilt: Long-Haul Legend, page 48:
- That's why driving truck became more than a job for many in the industry. Driving truck was a lifestyle.
- (road transport, Singapore, Malaysia) A lorry with a closed or covered carriage.
- (UK, rail transport) A railroad car, chiefly one designed to carry goods
- Any smaller wagon/cart or vehicle of various designs, pushed or pulled by hand or (obsolete) pulled by an animal, used to move and sometimes lift goods, like those in hotels for moving luggage or in libraries for moving books.
- 1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 3, in The History of England from the Accession of James the Second, volumes (please specify |volume=I to V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, →OCLC:
- Goods were therefore conveyed about the town almost exclusively in trucks drawn by dogs.
- 1905, Upton Sinclair, chapter III, in The Jungle, New York, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Company, published 26 February 1906, →OCLC:
- From the doors of these rooms went men with loaded trucks, to the platform where freight cars were waiting to be filled; and one went out there and realized with a start that he had come at last to the ground floor of this enormous building.
- (US, rail transport) Abbreviation of railroad truck or wheel truck; a pivoting frame, one attached to the bottom of the bed of a railway car at each end, that rests on the axle and which swivels to allow the axle (at each end of which is a solid wheel) to turn with curves in the track.
- Synonym: (British English) bogie
- The part of a skateboard or roller skate that joins the wheels to the deck, consisting of a hanger, baseplate, kingpin, and bushings, and sometimes mounted with a riser in between.
- (theater) A platform with wheels or casters.
- Dirt or other messiness.
Usage notes edit
In Singapore, "lorry" is usually used for smaller vehicles and "truck" is usually used for larger vehicles.
Derived terms edit
- ad truck
- armored truck
- armoured truck
- auto transport truck
- back up the truck
- bed truck
- Bissell truck
- Bissel truck
- blitz truck
- boat truck
- breakdown truck
- Brink's truck
- cantina truck
- double truck
- drive truck
- dumper truck
- dump truck
- fall off a truck
- fall off the back of a truck
- fall off the turnip truck
- fire truck
- flatbed truck
- food truck
- fork truck
- fuck truck
- garbage truck
- gas truck
- gypsy truck
- have truck and trade with
- have truck with
- hit like a truck
- hot truck
- ice cream truck
- leading truck
- lift truck
- Mack truck
- mail truck
- (military, dated) truck-wheels
- monster truck
- moving truck
- nutting truck
- panel truck
- pick up truck
- pony truck
- pump truck
- * (rail transport, UK) cattle truck
- (rail transport, UK) coal truck
- rain truck
- recovery truck
- recycle truck
- refrigerator truck
- roll the trucks
- sack truck
- sack truck
- semi truck
- skateboard truck
- sound truck
- sport truck
- tanker truck
- tank truck
- tiller truck
- tow truck
- trailing truck
- trash truck
- truck and trailer
- truck bay
- truck beam
- truck bomb
- truck crop
- truck driver
- truck driver's gear change
- truck driver's tan
- truck driver tan
- truck farm
- truck farmer
- truck farming
- truck in
- truck nuts
- truck out
- truck patch
- truck roll
- truck stop, truckstop
See also edit
- (nautical, sailing) main-truck, crow's nest
- (military) gun-carriage
- (semi-tractor): semi, trailer truck, rig, monster truck
- (intransitive) To drive a truck.
- My father has been trucking for 20 years.
- (transitive) To convey by truck.
- Last week, Cletus trucked 100 pounds of lumber up to Dubuque.
- (intransitive, US, slang) To travel, to proceed. [1960s]
- 1974 October, Skiing, volume 27, number 2, page 194:
- I brought them around again, hard, and some fluff hit me in the face, cool and wet. . .and I laughed and trucked on down, a mad. fiddler dancing to my own music, happy and alone in my private white world.
- 2009 May 20, Maggie Koerth-Baker, “Ten important kisses in history”, in Mental Floss, CNN:
- Instead, when relatives heard that the right ship had docked, they trucked over to Ellis Island and waited desperately by the Kissing Post.
- 2022 August 12, Lee Valentine Smith, “Athens band still Squallin' after all these years”, in Atlanta Journal-Constitution:
- In November 1978, Hay and Starratt trucked on down toward the Classic City in a VW Van (of course), following the Grateful Dead's tour […]
- (intransitive, US, Canada, slang) To persist, to endure. [from 1960s]
- Keep on trucking!
- 1988, Krista Brown, Prepared Statement, to the United States House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families, regarding 'Eating Disorders: The Impact on Children and Families', July 31, 1987, page 22:
- It has been five months since I left Mt. Diablo , and I'm still trucking along gaining slowly and I'm just a few pounds from my goal healthy weight. I'm the happiest I've been in my life because through my experiences with anorexia I […]
- 2018 September 4, Brittany Terwilliger, The Insatiables, Amberjack Publishing, →ISBN:
- “What's ol' Harrison up to these days, Larry?” Grandpa asked. “Oh, he's still trucking along,” Uncle Larry replied.
- (intransitive, film production) To move a camera parallel to the movement of the subject.
- (transitive, slang) To fight or otherwise physically engage with.
- (transitive, slang) To run over or through a tackler in American football.
Derived terms edit
Etymology 2 edit
From Middle English truken, troken, trukien, from Old English trucian (“to fail, run short, deceive, disappoint”), from Proto-West Germanic *trokōn (“to fail, miss, lack”), from Proto-Indo-European *derew-, *derwu- (“to tear, wrap, reap”), from Proto-Indo-European *der- (“to flay, split”). Cognate with Middle Low German troggelen (“to cheat, deceive, swindle”), Dutch troggelen (“to extort”), German dialectal truggeln (“to flatter, fawn”).
Alternative forms edit
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To fail; run out; run short; be unavailable; diminish; abate.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To give in; give way; knuckle under; truckle.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To deceive; cheat; defraud.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Etymology 3 edit
From dialectal truck, truk, trokk, probably of North Germanic origin, compare Norwegian dialectal trokka, trakka (“to stamp, trample, go to and fro”), Danish trykke (“to press, press down, crush, squeeze”), Swedish trycka. More at thrutch.
Etymology 4 edit
- (transitive) To trade, exchange; barter.
- 1848, John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy. […], volumes (please specify |volume=I or II), London: John W[illiam] Parker, […], →OCLC:
- We will begin by supposing the international trade to be in form, what it always is in reality, an actual trucking of one commodity against another.
- (intransitive) To engage in commerce; to barter or deal.
- 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, Kupperman 1988 edition:
- But while this businesse was in hand, Arrived one Captaine Argall, and Master Thomas Sedan, sent by Master Cornelius to truck with the Collony [...]
- (intransitive) To have dealings or social relationships with; to engage with.
truck (plural trucks)
- (obsolete, often in the plural) Small, humble items; things, often for sale or barter.
- 1884, Mark Twain, chapter 20, in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn:
- There was sheds made out of poles and roofed over with branches, where they had lemonade and gingerbread to sell, and piles of watermelons and green corn and such-like truck.
- 1911, Edna Ferber, chapter 5, in Dawn O'Hara, the Girl who Laughed:
- It happened in this way, on a day when I was indulging in a particularly greenery-yallery fit of gloom. Norah rushed into my room. I think I was mooning over some old papers, or letters, or ribbons, or some such truck in the charming, knife-turning way that women have when they are blue.
- (historical) The practice of paying workers in kind, or with tokens only exchangeable at a shop owned by the employer [forbidden in the 19th century by the Truck Acts].
- (US, often attributive) Garden produce, groceries (see truck garden).
- 1792 November 4, George Washington, (Please provide the book title or journal name), quoted in The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 32, 1745-1799.:
- As the home house people (the industrious part of them at least) might want ground for their truck patches, they might, for this purpose, cultivate what would be cleared. But I would have the ground from the cross fence by the Spring, quite round by the Wharf, first grubbed, before the (above mentioned) is attempted.
- 1923, Edgar Rice Burroughs, chapter 10, in The Moon Maid:
- I obtained my first view of a lunar city. It was built around a crater, and the buildings were terraced back from the rim, the terraces being generally devoted to the raising of garden truck and the principal fruit-bearing trees and shrubs.
- (usually with negative) Social intercourse; dealings, relationships.
Usage notes edit
For this etymology, the word is virtually obsolete. It really only survives as a fossil in the construction to have no truck with. In the US, the derived term truck garden is often confused with "produce raised to be trucked (transported) to market".
Derived terms edit
- (anglicism) A heavier motor vehicle designed to carry goods
- Abbreviation of vorkheftruck; A forklift truck
Derived terms edit
- → Caribbean Javanese: trig
truck m (plural trucks)
Further reading edit
Norwegian Bokmål edit
Norwegian Nynorsk edit
- (anglicism) Abbreviation of gaffeltruck; A forklift truck (used to move and lift goods)
- Hyponym: motviktstruck
- Abbreviation of handtruck; A pallet jack
|Declension of truck|