AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch ver-, a merger of two Middle Dutch prefixes:

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. to do or to become what the stem (following this prefix) refers to
  2. used to indicate that the action (referred to by the stem) has a negative connotation (for the direct object of the stem)
  3. to move or change in the manner specified by the stem

Usage notesEdit

Not separable. When forming past participles, those generally aren't prepended with the prefix ge-.


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The result of a merger of two Middle Dutch prefixes:

The first origin is cognate with Old High German ur-, ir- (German ur-, er-), Old English ā-, Gothic 𐌿𐌶- (uz-).

The second origin is cognate with Old English for- (English for-), Old High German fir-, far- (German ver-), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-).

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. to do or to become what the stem (following this prefix) refers to
    ver- + ‎minder (less, fewer) → ‎verminderen (to reduce)
  2. used to indicate that the action (referred to by the stem) has a negative connotation (for the direct object of the stem)
    ver- + ‎werpen (to throw) → ‎verwerpen (to reject)
    ver- + ‎oordelen (judge) → ‎veroordelen (to condemn)
  3. to move or change in the manner specified by the stem
    ver- + ‎deel (a part) → ‎verdelen (to split into parts)
Derived termsEdit

nouns

verbs

DescendantsEdit

  • Javindo: fer-

Etymology 2Edit

A contraction of older van der (of the)[1], which is also common in surnames.

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. A prefix found as part of surnames, found mainly in the southern Netherlands and in Belgium.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse verr, from Proto-Germanic *weraz, from Proto-Indo-European *wiHrós. Cognate with English were-.

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. -in-law.

Usage notesEdit

  • Originally and officially, this prefix only refers to the husband's in-laws; however, colloquially, it is also used for the wife's in-laws.

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German ver-, from Old High German far-, from a mixture of Proto-Germanic *firi-, *fra-, *furi- and other similar particles. Cognate with English for-, Dutch ver-, Yiddish פֿאַר־(far-), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-), Latin per-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɛr/, [fɛɐ̯-] (prescriptive standard)
  • IPA(key): /fər/, [fɐ-] (alternative standard; much commoner, except when provided with emphatic stress)
  • (file)

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix for-
    vergeben (to forgive)
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes a transition of the object into a state, which is indicated by the stem.
    lieben (to love)sich verlieben (to fall in love)
    urteilen (to pronounce judgment)verurteilen (to convict)
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix indicating a faulty action.
    laufen (to walk)sich verlaufen (to get lost)
    zählen (to count)sich verzählen (to miscount)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch far-, for-, fer-, from a merger of Proto-Germanic *firi-, *fur-, *fra-.

PrefixEdit

ver-

  1. Forms verbs indicating change away from a state.
  2. Forms verbs indicating a more thorough action.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit