The result of a merger of two Middle Dutch suffixes:
- Middle Dutch er-, an unstressed variant of ur-, or- (modern oor-), from Old Dutch ur-, ir-, from Proto-Germanic *uz-.
- Middle Dutch ver-, from Old Dutch fir-, far-, itself from a mixture of Proto-Germanic *firi-, *fur-, *fra- and other similar particles.
- to do or to become what the stem (following this prefix) refers to
- used to indicate that the action (referred to by the stem) has a negative connotation (for the direct object of the stem)
- to move or change in the manner specified by the stem
- A prefix found as part of surnames, found mainly in the southern Netherlands and in Belgium.
- Originally and officially, this prefix only refers to the husband's in-laws; however, colloquially, it is also used for the wife's in-laws.
From Middle High German ver-, from Old High German far-, from a mixture of Proto-Germanic *firi-, *fur-, *fra- and other similar particles. Cognate with English for-, Dutch ver-, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂- (fair-), 𐍆𐌰𐌿𐍂- (faur-), 𐍆𐍂𐌰- (fra-).
- IPA(key): /fɛɐ̯/ (official standard)
- IPA(key): /fɐ/ (more common; except when provided with emphatic stress)
- Inseparable verbal prefix for-
- vergeben (“to forgive”)
- Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes a transition of the object into a state, which is indicated by the stem.
- Inseparable verbal prefix indicating a faulty action.
- See also Index:German/v
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text