EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English for-, vor-, from Old English for-, fer-, fær-, fyr- (far, away, completely, prefix), from the merger of Proto-Germanic *fra- ("away, away from"; see fro, from) and Proto-Germanic *fur-, *far- (through, completely, fully), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per-, *pr-. Cognate with Scots for-, West Frisian fer-, for-, Dutch ver-, German ver-, Swedish för-, Danish for-, Norwegian for-, Latin per-. More at for.

PronunciationEdit

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /fɔː(ɹ)/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /fə(ɹ)/

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. (no longer productive) Far, away; from, out.
    forbid, forget, forsay; forbear, fordeem
  2. (no longer productive) Completely; to the fullest extent; superseded by combinations with up in senses where no upward movement is involved, e.g. forgive = "give up (one's offenses)", forgather = "gather up", forbeat = "beat up".
    forbreak
  3. (dialectal, obsolete) Very; excessively.
    forolded (very old)
    fornigh (very near)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse for-, from Proto-Germanic *fra-.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. Makes verbs from adjectives meaning "to cause to be [adjective]".
    for- + ‎skøn (beautiful) + ‎-e (infinitive suffix) → ‎forskønne (beautify)
    for- + ‎sød (sweet) + ‎-e → ‎forsøde (sweeten)
    for- + ‎uren (unclean) + ‎-e → ‎forurene (pollute)
  2. Denotes initial or preparatory action; pre-.
    for- + ‎bore (drill) → ‎forbore (drill a hole for screwing)
    for- + ‎arbejde (work) → ‎forarbejde (preparatory work)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French [Term?], from Old French for-, partially from Late Latin forīs, taken as an adaptation of the adverb forīs (outdoors, outside) and used to calque Frankish words prefixed by *fur- (for-) (compare Late Latin foris faciō (to do wrong) = Old High German firwirken (to do wrong), forisfactus (evil deed) = Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌷𐍄𐍃 (frawaurhts, evil deed), foris coⁿsilio (to mislead) = Old High German firleitan (to mislead), etc.), and partially continuing from Proto-Germanic *fur-, *fer-, *fra- (away, from, off), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per-, *pr-. See for-. Related to French fors (except), French hors (outside).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. (nonproductive) prefix used to express error, exclusion, or inadequacy

Related termsEdit


IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse for-, from Proto-Germanic *fra-.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. previous, before, first, pre-
    for- + ‎síða (page) → ‎forsíða (front page)
  2. (emphatic) extremely
  3. negative meaning

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from for- meaning “before”
Terms derived from for- used emphatically
Terms derived from for- used to imbue a negative meaning

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *uɸor-.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. over, superior, super-
  2. outer, external
  3. great, extreme

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
for- fhor- bhfor-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. previous, before, first, pre-
    for- + ‎side (page) → ‎forside (front page)
  2. (emphatic) extremely
  3. negative meaning

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from for- meaning “before”
Terms derived from for- used emphatically
Terms derived from for- used to imbue a negative meaning

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *fra-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. wrongly, away from, astray, abstention, prohibition, perversion, destruction (verbal prefix)
    forwyrcanto do wrong, sin
    forstandanto defend, protect, stand for
    forweorpanto throw away, cast away, reject
    forstelanto steal away, deprive
    fordēmanto condemn
    forlǣdanto mislead; seduce
  2. used to create intensified adjectives and verbs from other adjectives and verbs, with the sense of completely or fully; compare Modern English use of up
    forblāwanto blow up, inflate
    forbrecanto break up, break into pieces
    forstoppianto stop up, block, occlude
    forworendecayed, decrepit
  3. very
    forlȳtelvery little

Usage notesEdit

  • This prefix was almost always unstressed, in both nouns and verbs.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: far-, fer-, for-

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *uɸor-. Prefix form of for.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. over-

Derived termsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. Alternative form of far-