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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English for-, vor-, from Old English for-, fer-, fær-, fyr- (far, away, completely, prefix), from the merger of Proto-Germanic *fra- ("away, away from"; see fro, from) and Proto-Germanic *fur-, *far- (through, completely, fully), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per-, *pr-. Cognate with Scots for-, West Frisian fer-, for-, Dutch ver-, German ver-, Swedish för-, Danish for-, Norwegian for-, Latin per-. More at for.

PronunciationEdit

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /fɔː(ɹ)/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /fə(ɹ)/

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. (no longer productive) Meaning "far", "away"; "from", "out" e.g. forbid, forget, forsay; forbear, fordeem.
  2. (no longer productive) Meaning "completely", "to the fullest extent" e.g. forbreak; superseded by combinations with "up" in senses where no upward movement is involved, e.g. forgive = give up (one's offenses), forgather = "gather up", forbeat = "beat up", etc.
  3. (dialectal) Very; excessively.
    forolded (very old)
    fornigh (very near)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. Makes verbs from adjectives meaning "to cause to be [adjective]".
    skøn (beautiful) -> forskønne (beautify)
    sød (sweet) -> forsøde (sweeten)
    uren (unclean) -> forurene (pollute)
  2. Denotes initial or preparatory action; pre-.
    bore (drill) -> forbore (drill a hole for screwing)
    arbejde (work) -> forarbejde (preparatory work)

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French, from Old French for-, partially from Late Latin forīs, taken as an adaptation of the Late Latin adverb forīs (outdoors, outside) and used to calque Frankish words prefixed by *fur- (for-) (compare Late Latin foris facere (to do wrong) = Old High German firwirken (to do wrong), Late Latin forisfactus (evil deed) = Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌷𐍄𐍃 (frawaurhts, evil deed), Late Latin foris consiliare (to mislead) = Old High German firleitan (to mislead), etc.), and partially continuing from Proto-Germanic *fur-, *fer-, *fra- (away, from, off), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per-, *pr-. See for-. Related to French fors (except), French hors (outside).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. (nonproductive) prefix used to express error, exclusion, or inadequacy.

Related termsEdit


IcelandicEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. previous, before, first, pre-
    for- + ‎síða (page) → ‎forsíða (front page)
  2. (emphatic) extremely
  3. negative meaning

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from for- meaning “before”
Terms derived from for- used emphatically
Terms derived from for- used to imbue a negative meaning

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *uɸor-.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. over, superior, super-
  2. outer, external
  3. great, extreme

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
for- fhor- bhfor-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. previous, before, first, pre-
    for- + side (page)forside (front page)
  2. (emphatic) extremely
  3. negative meaning

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *fer-, *fur-, *fra- (away, far), from Proto-Indo-European *pro-, *per-, *pr- with a variety of meanings including ‘rejection, destruction, prohibition’. Cognate with Old Frisian for-, Old Saxon far-, for-, Dutch ver-, Old High German fir-, far- (German ver-), and, outside Germanic, with Ancient Greek περί (perí), Latin per-, Old Church Slavonic пре- (pre-) (Russian пере- (pere-)).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. forming verbs from verbs with various senses especially ‘wrongly, away from, astray, abstention, prohibition, perversion, destruction’
    forwyrcan (to do wrong, sin)
    forstandan (to defend, protect, stand for)
    forweorpan (to throw away, cast away, reject)
    forstelan (to steal away, deprive)
    fordēman (to condemn)
    forlǣdan (to mislead; seduce)
  2. used to create intensified adjectives and verbs from other adjectives and verbs, with the sense of completely or fully. Compare Modern English use of up
    forblāwan (to blow up, inflate)
    forbrecan (to break up, break into pieces)
    forstoppian (to stop up, block, occlude)
    forworen (decayed, decrepit)
  3. very
    forlȳtel (very little)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *uɸor-. Prefix form of for.

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

PrefixEdit

for-

  1. Alternative form of far-