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HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably a derivation from an otherwise unattested stem of unknown origin with the noun and verb-forming suffix -r. For the parallel noun-verb derivation, compare csavar, fodor.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈzɒvɒr]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: za‧var

NounEdit

zavar (plural zavarok)

  1. confusion, disorder, muddle, chaos
    Synonyms: zűrzavar, kavarodás, káosz, kuszaság, összevisszaság, rendetlenség
  2. malfunction, disturbance, hitch, fault
    Synonyms: hiba, meghibásodás, rendellenesség, fennakadás
  3. (medicine) dysfunction, disorder, trouble, problem, dys- (as in dyspepsia), in- (as in indigestion), mal- (as in malabsorption)
  4. (psychology, with the verbs ejt, esik, hoz, jön, van) embarrassment, being ill at ease, self-consciousness, discomfiture
    zavarban vanto be embarrassed
  5. (telecommunications) interference

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative zavar zavarok
accusative zavart zavarokat
dative zavarnak zavaroknak
instrumental zavarral zavarokkal
causal-final zavarért zavarokért
translative zavarrá zavarokká
terminative zavarig zavarokig
essive-formal zavarként zavarokként
essive-modal
inessive zavarban zavarokban
superessive zavaron zavarokon
adessive zavarnál zavaroknál
illative zavarba zavarokba
sublative zavarra zavarokra
allative zavarhoz zavarokhoz
elative zavarból zavarokból
delative zavarról zavarokról
ablative zavartól zavaroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
zavaré zavaroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
zavaréi zavarokéi
Possessive forms of zavar
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. zavarom zavaraim
2nd person sing. zavarod zavaraid
3rd person sing. zavara zavarai
1st person plural zavarunk zavaraink
2nd person plural zavarotok zavaraitok
3rd person plural zavaruk zavaraik

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

VerbEdit

zavar

  1. (transitive) to disturb, trouble, molest, bother
    Synonyms: zaklat, nyaggat, háborgat
  2. (transitive) to chase, to drive
    Synonym: kerget

Usage notesEdit

Sometimes the subject of the verb is not one that does any action but the stimulus prompting sensory or emotional feeling (not deliberately), as in the case of people or things that interest someone, matter to someone, please someone or appeal to someone (or another entity), sometimes differently from the perspective in English. In these cases, the experiencer (the entity that receives sensory or emotional input) can take the accusative (e.g. interest) or the dative (e.g. appeal). The experiencer is expressed with the dative in the case of hiányzik (to be missing or missed by someone), ízlik (to taste good, to be pleasing [as of food]), kell (to be needed, necessary, or required), tetszik (to be appealing), and van/megvan (to be had, to be owned by someone).

If the experiencer is expressed with the accusative, the object may be the third person (him, her, it, or them), which is considered definite in Hungarian, or it may be a first- or second-person object (me, us, and you), considered as indefinite. For example, with the verb érdekel, it takes the definite form érdekli őt “he/she is interested” (literally, “it interests him/her”), and the indefinite form érdekel engem/téged/minket for “I am, you are, we are interested” (literally, “it interests me, you, us”) in present-tense singular. Verbs with a similar syntactic behavior include zavar (to be bothered by) and izgat (to be upset or intrigued by).[2]

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ See also Verbs and adjectives that behave differently (in English vs. in Hungarian), Által (’By’), on the past participles derived from such verbs, On verbs of emotion, with special regard to their aspectual properties, especially the chart on page 3. In addition, see Thematic relation and Theta role in Wikipedia.

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Armenian ձավար (javar).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [zɑˈvɑɾ]
  • Hyphenation: za‧var

NounEdit

zavar (definite accusative zavarı, plural zavarlar)

  1. (dialectal) greyhound
  2. (dialectal) coarsely ground bulgur
  3. (dialectal) ground grain for animal feeding
  4. (dialectal) bunkum

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative zavar
Definite accusative zavarı
Singular Plural
Nominative zavar zavarlar
Definite accusative zavarı zavarları
Dative zavara zavarlara
Locative zavarda zavarlarda
Ablative zavardan zavarlardan
Genitive zavarın zavarların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular zavarım zavarlarım
2nd singular zavarın zavarların
3rd singular zavarı zavarları
1st plural zavarımız zavarlarımız
2nd plural zavarınız zavarlarınız
3rd plural zavarları zavarları

ReferencesEdit

  • zavar”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1963–1982
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “ձաւար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press