Last modified on 25 July 2014, at 09:11

TranslingualEdit

LetterB.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER B
Codepoint U+0042
A ← Basic Latin → C

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek letter Β (B, Beta).

LetterEdit

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
Usage notesEdit

The letter B (usually its lower case form b) is used in several romanization systems of non-Latin scripts to represent the bilabial plosive or stop, usually voiced (IPA(key): /b/).

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

  • (blood type):, from antigen B
  • (symbol for boron): abbreviation of boron
  • (hexadecimal 11): The eleventh item from the sequence {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F}

SymbolEdit

B

  1. A blood type that has a specific antigen that aggravates the immune response in people with type A antigen in their blood. They can receive blood from type B or type O, but cannot receive blood from AB or A.
  2. (chemistry) The symbol for boron.
  3. (computing) Hexadecimal symbol for 11.
  4. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for either glutamine or glutamic acid

See alsoEdit

Other representations of B:


EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The b-rune ᛒ, an older version of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᛒ, the Old English letter replaced by Latin ‘B’

Old English letter B, from 7th century replacement by Latin B of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (B, beorc).

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.
    • 1945, George Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 3
      Boxer could not get beyond the letter D. He would trace out A, B, C, D, in the dust with his great hoof []
Usage notesEdit

In Modern English, the letter B is sometimes silent, e.g. in climb, and debt.

Apostrophes are sometimes used to form plurals of single upper case letters, especially at the start of a sentence:

A’s are difficult to achieve in this class.

Usually, though, the apostrophe is avoided when there is no risk of confusion:

She gets straight As in school.
See alsoEdit

NumberEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The ordinal number second, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2Edit

  • (cricket, balls): abbreviation of balls
  • (billion): abbreviation of billion
  • (black): abbreviation of black

AbbreviationEdit

B

  1. (cricket) the number of balls faced by a batsman
  2. The quantity one billion (1,000,000,000), usually used to signify a sum of money
    $2.8 B — “two point eight billion dollars” (i.e., $2,800,000,000)
  3. (UK) The grade of pencil that makes darker marks than grade HB but lighter marks than grade 2B; a pencil with soft lead.
  4. (chess) Bishop

Etymology 3Edit

  • (personality type): from contrast with the letter ‘A’ and its corresponding personality type
  • (academic grade): from the position of the letter ‘B’ in the English alphabet

NounEdit

B (plural Bs)

  1. A personality type of someone who is relaxed and easygoing and able to engage in leisure activities without worrying about work.
  2. An academic grade, better than a C and worse than an A
  3. Signifies a second-tier or second class of a given commodity, group, or category, as in B-movie, B-list, etc.
    The television studio revived some of it's B characters for the spinoff.
  4. Alternate or secondary part, as the back side of a phonograph record. Contrasted with A, which is the primary part.
  5. (music) The seventh note in the C major scale.
See alsoEdit
TranslationsEdit

Usage notesEdit

Apostrophes are sometimes used to form plurals of single upper case letters, especially at the start of a sentence:

A’s are difficult to achieve in this class.

Usually, though, the apostrophe is avoided when there is no risk of confusion:

She gets straight As in school.

SymbolEdit

B

  1. (computing) byte
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • (computing): b (bit)
TranslationsEdit

American Sign LanguageEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (thumb unopposed and flat against the radial edge of the palm, used in rapid fingerspelling of words like B-A-B-Y) FlatB

EtymologyEdit

French Sign Language letter b

From French Sign Language sign for the letter B.

ProductionEdit

This one-handed ASL sign is produced as follows:

LetterEdit

B (Stokoe B)

  1. The letter B

See alsoEdit


AzeriEdit

LetterEdit

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B

  1. B (the 2nd letter in the Czech alphabet)
  2. (music): B flat

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (capital, lowercase b)

  1. The second letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: A
  • Next letter: C

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called bo and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used only in loanwords.

See alsoEdit

AbbreviationEdit

B

  1. lubenter approbatur

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the German alphabet.

NounEdit

B n (genitive B, no plural)

  1. (music) B-flat

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

  • H (B (musical note))

German Sign LanguageEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to the French Sign Language sign for "B".

ProductionEdit

This one-handed GSL sign is produced as follows:

  • Posture the dominant hand in the “B” shape.

LetterEdit

B

  1. the letter B

ItalianEdit

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B m, f (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Italian alphabet, called bi and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LatvianEdit

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The third letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ms

PronunciationEdit

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [bi]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [b]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [p̚]

LetterEdit

B

  1. The second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The letter be, the fourth letter of the Romanian alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: Â
  • Next letter: C

Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B (lower case b)

  1. The third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SloveneEdit

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sl

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Slovene alphabet, called b or be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SomaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

B upper case (lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Somali alphabet, called ba and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  1. The second letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by ' and followed by T.

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Spanish alphabet.

TurkishEdit

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The second letter of the Turkish alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): /ˀɓe˧˧/, IPA(key): /ˀɓe˧˧ ˀɓɔ˨˩/, IPA(key): /ˀɓəːɰ˨˩/
  • (Huế) IPA(key): /ˀɓej˧˧/, IPA(key): /ˀɓej˧˧ ˀɓɔ˧˧/, IPA(key): /ˀɓəːɰ˧˧/
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): /ˀɓej˧˥/, IPA(key): /ˀɓej˧˥ ˀɓɔ˨˩/, IPA(key): /ˀɓəːɰ˨˩/

LetterEdit

B (upper case, lower case b)

  1. The fourth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called , bê bò or bờ and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit