Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 19:25

TranslingualEdit

Letter c.svg
Unicode name LATIN SMALL LETTER C
Codepoint U+0063
b ← Basic Latin → d
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

Etruscan 𐌂 (C), the source for Latin C Modification of upper case letter C, from Etruscan 𐌂 (C), from Greek Γ (G, Gamma), from Phoenician 𐤂 (G, gimmel).

PronunciationEdit

  • (IPA symbol)
    (file)

LetterEdit

c lower case (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
Usage notesEdit
  • Not to be confused with ϲ (ϲ) (the lunate sigma).
  • In many languages, the letter c represents both a “hard” /k/ sound and a “soft” sound (/s/, /ts/, /tʃ/, or /θ/), based on the following letter.
  • In many languages, it occurs frequently in the digraph with ch.
  • In some romanization systems of non-Latin scripts, it represents /tʃ/, /θ/, or /tsʰ/.
See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

Wikipedia

c

  1. (IPA) voiceless palatal plosive.

Etymology 2Edit

Lower case form of upper case roman numeral C, a standardization of Ɔ and C because the latter happens to be an abbreviation of Latin centum (hundred), from abbreviation of ƆIC, an alternate form of >I<, from tally stick markings resembling Ж (a superimposed X and I), from the practice of designating each tenth X notch with an extra cut.

Alternative formsEdit

NumeralEdit

c (lower case Roman numeral, upper case C)

  1. cardinal number one hundred (100).
Usage notesEdit

With a bar over the numeral, i.e., as c, it represents one hundred thousand.

Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • Lesser roman numeral symbol: l (50)
  • Greater roman numeral symbol: d (500)
  • Roman numerals

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin celeritās (speed).

SymbolEdit

c

  1. (physics) The speed of light, 2.99792458 × 108 m/s.
  2. (mathematics) The space of convergent sequences

See alsoEdit

Other representations of C:


EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The k-rune ᚲ, an older version of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚳ

Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚳ, which was later replaced by Latin ‘c’ Old English lower case letter c, from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case c of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (c, cen).

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /siː/ (usually spelled cee)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /k/, /s/, ...
(file)
(file)

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NumberEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The ordinal number third, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2Edit

Various abbreviations

AbbreviationEdit

c

  1. Alternative form of c..

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

c (plural cs or c's)

  1. (music) The middle tone in either one of the sets of seven white keys on a keyboard or a set of seven strings on a stringed instrument.

Etymology 4Edit

From the symbol c, which is from Latin celeritās (speed).

NounEdit

c (plural c)

  1. (physics) The speed of light as a unit of speed, exactly 2.99792458 × 108 m/s.

AzeriEdit

LetterEdit

c lower case (upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called co and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter I:
      Avec ces propos et d’autres semblables, le pauvre gentilhomme perdait le jugement. Il passait les nuits et se donnait la torture pour les comprendre, pour les approfondir, pour leur tirer le sens des entrailles, ce qu’Aristote lui-même n’aurait pu faire, s’il fût ressuscité tout exprès pour cela.
      With these passages and other similar ones, the poor gentleman lost his judgement. He spent his nights and tortured himself to understand them, to consider them more deeply, to take from them their deepest meaning, which Aristotle himself would not have been able to do, had he been resurrected for that very purpose.

AbbreviationEdit

c

  1. (text messaging) Informal spelling of c'est
    C nul ici sans George
    It's rubbish here without George

InterlinguaEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /tse/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /k/ before 'a'/'o'/'u', /ts/ before 'i'/'e'/'y'

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Interlingua alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: b
  • Next letter: d

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

c m, f (invariable)

  1. See under C

LatvianEdit

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

C

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The fourth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

LetterEdit

c

  1. The third letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


NorwegianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /seː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /k/, /s/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: se

LetterEdit

c

  1. The 3rd letter of the Norwegian alphabet.

Usage notesEdit

  • Only used in words of foreign origin, usually English. Even rare in loanwords, as this letter does not represent a sound of its own.
  • Still kept in many Christian names, therefore Caroline and Karoline are both acceptable spellings.

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

See C for pronunciation notes

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (uppercase): C

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (Cyrillic spelling ц)

  1. The 3rd letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by b and followed by č.


Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

c (upper case C)

  1. The fourth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SomaliEdit

LetterEdit

c lower case (upper case C)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Somali alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

See C for pronunciation notes


SpanishEdit

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

SwedishEdit

AbbreviationEdit

c

  1. Centre Party; Abbreviation of Centerpartiet.

TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /dʒɛː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /dʒ/

LetterEdit

c (lower case, upper case C)

  1. The third letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ce and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit