See also: ص د ر

Arabic

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Root
ص د ر (ṣ d r)
11 terms

Pronunciation 1

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Verb

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صَدَرَ (ṣadara) I, non-past يَصْدُرُ or يَصْدِرُ‎ (yaṣduru or yaṣdiru) (intransitive)

  1. to emerge; to come up; to spring; to issue; to rise
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 99:6:
      يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ
      yawmaʔiḏin yaṣduru an-nāsu ʔaštātan lliyuraw ʔaʕmālahum
      On that Day people will proceed in separate groups to be shown [the consequences of] their deeds.
    1. to materialize, to happen, to occur
      Synonym: حَدَثَ (ḥadaṯa)
    2. to emerge as if from a source, to proceed, to emanate, to arise, to originate, to stem, to spring
      Synonym: اِنْبَثَقَ (inbaṯaqa)
    3. to be released; to be public or available, to be out; to come out; to circulate
      صَدَرَ الْكِتَابُ مِنْ دَارِ النَّشْرِ يَوْمَ الْأَرْبِعَاء.ṣadara l-kitābu min dāri n-našri yawma l-ʔarbiʕāʔ.The book issued from the publisher on Wednesday.
Conjugation
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Verb

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صَدَرَ (ṣadara) I, non-past يَصْدُرُ‎ (yaṣduru)

  1. (transitive) to hurt the chest of; to hit in the chest
  2. (passive voice) to have a chest complaint
Conjugation
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Pronunciation 2

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Verb

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صَدَّرَ (ṣaddara) II, non-past يُصَدِّرُ‎ (yuṣaddiru) (transitive)

  1. to send, to send off, to send out
    1. to export
    2. to dispatch; to forward; to transport
    3. to publish, to issue, to promulgate
  2. to preface; to introduce
    Synonyms: قَدَّمَ (qaddama), مَهَّدَ (mahhada)
Conjugation
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Pronunciation 3

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  • IPA(key): /sˤadr/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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صَدْر (ṣadrm (plural صُدُور (ṣudūr))

  1. (uncountable) verbal noun of صَدَرَ (ṣadara) (form I)
  2. (countable) a chest, a breast
    1. a bust, a bosom
    2. something resembling, likened to, or related to chests (such as a center, a core, a heart, and so on)
  3. (countable) a front
    Synonyms: جَبَهَةَ (jabahata), وَاجِهَة (wājiha), مُقَدَّمَ (muqaddama)
    Antonyms: عَجْز (ʕajz), دُبْر (dubr), مُؤَخَّرَ (muʔaḵḵara)
    1. a person at the front, a leader, a commander
  4. (countable) a beginning, a start, an outset, a commencement; an inception; a dawn, a rise
Declension
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References

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  • Freytag, Georg (1833) “صدر”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 485–486
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) “صدر”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc[2] (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 1318–1319
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) “صدر”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[3], London: Williams & Norgate
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) “صدر”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[4], London: W.H. Allen, page 576
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) “صدر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans with Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) “صدر”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[5] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, pages 701–702

Hijazi Arabic

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Root
ص د ر
1 term

Etymology 1

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From Arabic صَدَّرَ (ṣaddara).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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صَدَّر (ṣaddar) II (non-past يِصَدِّر (yiṣaddir))

  1. to export
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of صدر (ṣaddar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m صدرت (ṣaddart) صدرت (ṣaddart) صدر (ṣaddar) صدرنا (ṣaddarna) صدرتوا (ṣaddartu) صدروا (ṣaddaru)
f صدرتي (ṣaddarti) صدرت (ṣaddarat)
non-past m أصدر (ʔaṣaddir) تصدر (tiṣaddir) يصدر (yiṣaddir) نصدر (niṣaddir) تصدروا (tiṣaddiru) يصدروا (yiṣaddiru)
f تصدري (tiṣaddiri) تصدر (tiṣaddir)
imperative m صدر (ṣaddir) صدروا (ṣaddiru)
f صدري (ṣaddiri)

Etymology 2

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From Arabic صَدْرْ (ṣadr).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /sˤa.dir/, /sˤa.dur/

Noun

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صَدِر or صَدُر (ṣadir or ṣadurm (construct state صَدْر (ṣadr), plural صُدور (ṣudūr))

  1. chest
  2. breast
    Synonym: (informal) ديس (dēs)

Persian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic صَدْر (ṣadr).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? saḏr
Dari reading? sadr
Iranian reading? sadr
Tajik reading? sadr

Noun

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Dari صدر
Iranian Persian
Tajik садр

صدر (sadr) (plural صدور (sodur))

  1. something principal; something chief; something foremost
  2. (historical) High-ranking title in medieval and Early Modern Iran:
    1. From the eleventh century to circa 1370, a title used for any high-ranking official.
    2. From circa 1370 to 1800, the chief minister of religious affairs, who was in charge of the Islamic judiciary and the operation of charitable funds.
    3. Under Qajar rule in the nineteenth century, again a generic prestigious title, but especially short for صدر اعظم (sadr-e a'zam, grand vizier.)
  3. (uncommon) chest; breast
    Synonym: سینه (sine)

Proper noun

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Dari صدر
Iranian Persian
Tajik Садр

صدر (sadr)

  1. a surname from Arabic, usually used by descendants of the Shi'ite Imam Musa al-Kazim.

South Levantine Arabic

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Root
ص د ر
1 term

Etymology 1

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From Arabic صَدَرَ (ṣadara).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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صدر (ṣadar) I (present بصدر (boṣdor))

  1. to be published, to be issued, to be released
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of صدر (ṣadar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m صدرت (ṣadart) صدرت (ṣadart) صدر (ṣadar) صدرنا (ṣadarna) صدرتو (ṣadartu) صدرو (ṣadaru)
f صدرتي (ṣadarti) صدرت (ṣadrat)
present m بصدر (baṣdor) بتصدر (btoṣdor) بصدر (boṣdor) منصدر (mnoṣdor) بتصدرو (btoṣdoru) بصدرو (boṣdoru)
f بتصدري (btoṣdori) بتصدر (btoṣdor)
subjunctive m أصدر (ʔaṣdor) تصدر (toṣdor) يصدر (yoṣdor) نصدر (noṣdor) تصدرو (toṣdoru) يصدرو (yoṣdoru)
f تصدري (toṣdori) تصدر (toṣdor)
imperative m اصدر (oṣdor) اصدرو (oṣdoru)
f اصدري (oṣdori)

Etymology 2

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From Arabic صَدَّرَ (ṣaddara).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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صدّر (ṣaddar) II (present بصدّر (biṣadder))

  1. to publish, to issue, to release
  2. to export
Conjugation
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    Conjugation of صدّر (ṣaddar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m صدّرت (ṣaddart) صدّرت (ṣaddart) صدّر (ṣaddar) صدّرنا (ṣaddarna) صدّرتو (ṣaddartu) صدّرو (ṣaddaru)
f صدّرتي (ṣaddarti) صدّرت (ṣaddarat)
present m بصدّر (baṣadder) بتصدّر (bitṣadder) بصدّر (biṣadder) منصدّر (minṣadder) بتصدّرو (bitṣaddru) بصدّرو (biṣaddru)
f بتصدّري (bitṣaddri) بتصدّر (bitṣadder)
subjunctive m اصدّر (aṣadder) تصدّر (tṣadder) يصدّر (yṣadder) نصدّر (nṣadder) تصدّرو (tṣaddru) يصدّرو (yṣaddru)
f تصدّري (tṣaddri) تصدّر (tṣadder)
imperative m صدّر (ṣadder) صدّرو (ṣaddru)
f صدّري (ṣaddri)

Etymology 3

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From Arabic صَدْر (ṣadr).

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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صدر (ṣidrm (plural صدورة (ṣdūra))

  1. chest, breast

Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian صدر (sadr), from Arabic صَدْر (ṣadr).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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صَدْر (sadrm (formal plural صُدُور (sudūr), Hindi spelling सदर)

  1. president
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