Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿田中月 (TWLB), four-corner 44427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1042, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31339
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1501, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3247, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+842C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
萬-oracle.svg 萬-bronze.svg 萬-silk.svg 萬-bigseal.svg 萬-seal.svg

This character has lost its original meaning of “scorpion”. The derivative (OC *m̥ʰraːds) refers to the original word.

EtymologyEdit

Three roots can perhaps be distinguished:

  1. “Scorpion”: See (OC *m̥ʰraːds);
  2. “Religious dance; sorcery”: Perhaps from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-man ‎(medicine). Compare Tibetan སྨན ‎(sman, medicine; she-demons worshipped by common folk), Burmese မန်း ‎(man:, utter mystic words to heal or ward off evil);
  3. “Ten thousand”: Schuessler (2007) considers the etymology of this sense Sino-Tibetan, and compares it with Tibetan འབུམ ‎('bum, hundred thousand; complete; entire; multifarious). Similar words are found in branches of Altaic and Tocharian; here they are treated as very old loanwords from Chinese, per Pulleyblank (apud Clauson, 1972), Beckwith (2009), Adams (2013) and Tremblay (2005).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (66)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mʉɐnH/ /mʷiɐnH/ /miuɐnH/ /muanH/ /miuɐnH/ /mĭwɐnH/ /mi̯wɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wàn ‹ mjonH › /*C.ma[n]-s/ 10000

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12633 1 /*mlans/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (chài, “scorpion”).
  2. (historical) A ritual dance in ancient China.
  3. ten thousand
    /   ―  wànsuì  ―  ten thousand years; hooray; long live
  4. (figuratively) a great number
  5. innumerable; numerous
  6. very; extremely; absolutely
  7. A surname​.

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. ten thousand

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 5103
  • Halpern: 2497
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 2969
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.8
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(man)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: man, Yale: man)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: man, McCune-Reischauer: man, Yale: man)

NounEdit

‎(man) ‎(hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “ten thousand”.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vạn, vàn, mại, muôn)

NounEdit

  1. Hán tự form of vạn, vàn, mại, muôn, "ten thousand"
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