See also: 𠀋 and
U+4E08, 丈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E08

[U+4E07]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E09]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 1, +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十大 (JK), four-corner 50000, composition𠂇)

Derived charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11
  • Dae Jaweon: page 137, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 9, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E08

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (ten) + (hand) – ten chi () is one zhang ().

EtymologyEdit

"gentleman, older man, husband"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(z)rjaŋ (uncle, superior) (Schuessler (2007), STEDT; cf. Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-tjaŋ (upper part, rise, raise, top, summit)). Cognate with (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) "upwards", Tibetan ཨ་ཞང (a zhang, maternal uncle), Burmese အရှင် (a.hrang, master, lord), etc.
"unit of measurement"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan, compare Mizo ṭâng " kai (to measure (v.), a measure (n.) from the tip of the middle finger from one side to a spot between the breast bone and the other side's armpit) (Schuessler, 2007)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dâung - unit of measure;
  • diông/tiông - kinship term.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tiūⁿ/tiōⁿ/tiǔⁿ, tn̄g/tňg - vernacular;
    • tiōng/tiāng/tiǒng - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: deng6 / ziang6 / diên6 / dion6
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tṳ̆ng / tsiăng / tiĕⁿ / tiŏⁿ
      • Sinological IPA (key): /tɯŋ³⁵/, /t͡siaŋ³⁵/, /tĩẽ³⁵/, /tĩõ³⁵/
    Note:
    • deng6 - unit of measurement;
    • ziang6 - “to measure”;
    • diên6/dion6 - “gentleman”.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhàng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zoeng6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhàng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjangX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]raŋʔ/
    English ten feet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16836
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*daŋʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. A unit of measurement.
      1. The zhang, a traditional Chinese unit of length equal to 10 chi ()
      2. The mainland zhang, a unit of length standardized in 1984 as 3 1/3 meters.
        Synonym: 市丈 (shìzhàng)
      3. The Taiwanese zhang, a unit of length standardized as 3 1/33 meters, identical to the Japanese .
      4. The Hong Kong jeuhng, standardized as 3.71475 meters.
    2. to survey (land); to measure
    3. gentleman; man; husband
        ―  zhàng  ―  husband

    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai  
    Kyūjitai
    [1][2][3]

    丈󠄁
    +&#xE0101;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
     
    丈󠄃
    +&#xE0103;?
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖɨɐŋX).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (じょう) (ぢやう (dyau)?

    1. , a traditional Japanese unit of length based on 10 shaku, standardized as equal to 3+133 meters.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    たけ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling

    ⟨take2/takje//take/

    Cognate with (taka, height), 高い (takai, high), and 長ける (takeru, to be high).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (たけ) (take

    1. height
      • 970-999, Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
        いひ教ふる事もなくておほしたつるに、年にもあはず、たかく心かしこし。
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    だけ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    だけ
    [particle] in a negative, limiting sense: only, just, limit
    [particle] in a positive, non-limiting sense: amount, as much as
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Usage notesEdit

    • This term is often spelled in hiragana. The kanji spelling is rarely used.

    Etymology 4Edit

    Proper nounEdit

    (じょう) (ぢやう (dyau)?

    1. a male given name
    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 白川静 (Shirakawa Shizuka) (2014), “”, in 字通 普及版 (Jitsū fukūban, Jitsū trade edition)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1914, 漢和大辭書 (Kanwa Dai Jisho, “The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 23 (paper), page 61 (digital), Tōkyō: 興文社 (Kōbunsha)
    3. ^ 1927, 新漢和辭典 (Shin Kanwa Jiten, “The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary”) (in Japanese), page 20 (paper), page 22 (digital), Ōsaka: 松雲堂 (Shōundō)
    4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ 2011, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Seventh Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 어른 (eoreun jang))

    1. A unit of measurement equal to the Chinese zhang

    ReferencesEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: trượng
    : Nôm readings: trượng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit