Last modified on 5 May 2015, at 09:20

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十大 (JK), four-corner 50000)

  1. a traditional measurement of length in East Asia based on 10 forearms (), usually roughly equivalent to 3 1/3 meters
  2. gentleman, man, husband

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11
  • Dae Jaweon: page 137, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 9, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E08

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.
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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (丈), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 直兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋX/ /ȡʱi̯aŋX/ /ȡiaŋX/ /ɖiɐŋX/ /ɖɨaŋX/ /ȡĭaŋX/ /ȡiɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhàng ‹ drjangX › /*[d]raŋʔ/ ten feet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16836 0 /*daŋʔ/

NounEdit

  1. The zhang, a traditional Chinese unit of length equal to 10 chi ()
  2. The mainland zhang, a unit of length standardized in 1984 as 3 1/3 meters.
  3. (Taiwan) The Taiwanese zhang, a unit of length standardized as 3 1/33 meters, identical to the Japanese .
  4. (Hong Kong) The Hong Kong jeuhng, standardized as 3.71475 meters.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Chinese (zhang)

NounEdit

(hiragana じょう, romaji )

  1. , a traditional Japanese unit of length based on 10 shaku, standardized as equal to 3 1/33 meters.

Etymology 2Edit

/take2/: [takye] → [take]. Cognate with taka (height), takai (high), and takeru (to be high).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たけ, romaji take)

  1. height
    • 970-999, Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      [...] いひ教ふる事もなくておほしたつるに、年にもあはず、たかく心かしこし。

ParticleEdit

(hiragana だけ, romaji dake)

  1. only, limit
    ローマ字辞書
    ローマじだけじしょ
    Rōmaji dake no jisho.
    A rōmaji-only dictionary.
    寝たい寝ていい
    ねたいだけねていい
    Netai dake nete ii.
    You can sleep as much as you want.
Usage notesEdit
  • The Kanji reading is rarely used.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana じょう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 어른 (revised: eoleun, McCune-Reischauer: ǒrǔn)
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ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trượng)

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