U+307E, ま
HIRAGANA LETTER MA

[U+307D]
Hiragana
[U+307F]

Japanese edit

Stroke order
 

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable edit

(ma

  1. The hiragana syllable (ma). Its equivalent in katakana is (ma). It is the thirty-first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō a-dan, row ma, section a).
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative spelling

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ma

  1. : space; room
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese.[3] Appears to be the older, bound form of (me2). See that entry for further details.

Probably cognate with 見る (miru, to see) and (me, bud). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ma

  1. , : prefixal bound form of (me, eye)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese. Attested since at least the Kojiki of 712 CE.[3]

Pronunciation edit

(noun):

(prefix):

(pitch accent depends on the entire prefixed word)

Noun edit

(ma

  1. [from 712] : the truth, reality, genuineness
    Synonyms: 真実 (shinjitsu), 本当 (hontō)
Idioms edit

Prefix edit

(ma-

  1. [from 720] : real, genuine
    ()(ごころ)magokoroone's real mind, one's real thoughts and feelings about something
  2. [from 759] : pure, unadulterated
    ()(しろ)mashiropure white
  3. [from 1595] : definitely, certainly, exactly, precisely, directly
    ()(うえ)mauedirectly above
  4. [date unknown] : true, real, main (appended to words for animals or plants to indicate the representative type)
    ()(たけ)mataketrue bamboo
  5. [from 759] : (archaic, possibly obsolete, honorific) great, excellent
    ()(くま)()makumanogreat Kumano
Derived terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
S
[affix] demon, devil, evil spirit, evil influence
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of the above term.)
For a list of all kanji read as , see Category:Japanese kanji read as ま.)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan