Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MA.svg
U+307E, ま
HIRAGANA LETTER MA

[U+307D]
Hiragana
[U+307F]

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

SyllableEdit

(romaji ma)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ma). Its equivalent in katakana is (ma). It is the thirty-first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō a-dan, row ma, section a).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative spelling

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ma

  1. : space; room
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese[3]. Possibly the older, bound form of (me2).

Probably cognate with 見る (miru, to see) and (me, bud). Never found in isolation in modern Japanese. Remains as the first syllable of various compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ma

  1. : prefixal bound form of (me, eye)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Alternative spelling

From Old Japanese. Attested since at least the Kojiki of 712 C.E..[3]

PronunciationEdit

(noun):

(prefix):

(pitch accent depends on the entire prefixed word)

NounEdit

(ma

  1. [from 712] : the truth, reality, genuineness
    Synonyms: 真実 (shinjitsu), 本当 (hontō)
IdiomsEdit

PrefixEdit

(ma-

  1. [from 720] : real, genuine
    ()(ごころ)
    magokoro
    one's real mind, one's real thoughts and feelings about something
  2. [from 759] : pure, unadulterated
    ()(しろ)
    mashiro
    pure white
  3. [from 1595] : definitely, certainly, exactly, precisely, directly
    ()(うえ)
    maue
    directly above
  4. [date unknown] : true, real, main (appended to words for animals or plants to indicate the representative type)
    ()(たけ)
    matake
    true bamboo
  5. [from 759] : (archaic, possibly obsolete, honorific) great, excellent
    ()(くま)()
    makumano
    great Kumano
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
S
[affix] demon, devil, evil spirit, evil influence
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese term.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as ま.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan