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See also:
U+5145, 充
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5145

[U+5144]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5146]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 10, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈竹山 (YIHU), four-corner 00213, composition ⿱ㄊ)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 124, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5145

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰuːŋs
*l̥ʰjuŋ
*tʰjuŋ
*tʰjuŋ
*tʰjuŋs

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰəŋ²¹/ ~電
/p͡fʰəŋ⁵³/ ~當
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /soŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuŋ/
English full, fill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1491
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjuŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fill
  2. full
  3. (archaic) to serve as

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bring up
  2. grow up
  3. raise
  4. rear
  5. be full

ReadingsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana みつる, rōmaji Mitsuru, alternative reading たかし, rōmaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chung) (hangeul , revised chung, McCune–Reischauer ch'ung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.