See also: and
U+5145, 充
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5145

[U+5144]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5146]

U+FA74, 充
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA74

[U+FA73]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA75]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 10, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈竹山 (YIHU), four-corner 00213, composition 𠫓)

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 124, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 269, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5145

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : 𠫓 (a newborn) + (standing person) – A newborn grows to stand and become mature.

Pronunciation

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  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰəŋ²¹/ ~電
/p͡fʰəŋ⁵³/ ~當
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /t͡sʰiɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sʰyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /t͡sʰoŋ³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /soŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyhuwng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cung1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuŋ/
English full, fill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1491
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰjuŋ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. to fill
  2. full
  3. (archaic) to serve as

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bring up
  2. grow up
  3. raise
  4. rear
  5. be full

Readings

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Proper noun

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(みつる) or (たかし) (Mitsuru or Takashi

  1. a male given name

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 채울 (chae'ul chung))

  1. Hanja form? of (to fill).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: sung

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.