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See also:
U+7B46, 筆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B46

[U+7B45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B47]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹中手 (HLQ), four-corner 88507, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 882, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1310, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2970, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B46

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
prud
prud
ruːd
rud
b·rud
b·lud
lud

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prud): semantic  (bamboo) + phonetic  (OC *b·lud, writing brush) – a hand holding a brush . The bamboo () refers to the material of traditional Chinese brushes.

EtymologyEdit

Benedict (1972) surmises that this might be a loan from Austro-Tai into Sino-Tibetan; cf. Proto-Austronesian *bulut (hairy filaments of certain plants, husk) (Cebuano bulut).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (49)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjit̚/
Li
Rong
/pjĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pit ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.[r]ut/ (borrowed as *prut from Qín dialect)
English writing brush

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15975
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. writing brush
  2. pen; pencil
  3. stroke (of Chinese characters)
  4. to write; to compose
  5. Classifier for sums of money, deals. all nouns using this classifier

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (ひつ) (hitsu)
  • Korean: (, pil)
  • Vietnamese: bút ()

Others


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ふで
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Shift in pronunciation from funde below.[1] Now the most common pronunciation in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふで, rōmaji fude)

  1. a writing brush, a painting brush, a pen
  2. writing:
    1. the act of writing
    2. something written
    3. handwriting, how someone writes
Usage notesEdit

The pen sense is more commonly expressed using the English-derived term ペン (pen).

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふんで
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Shift in pronunciation from fumite below. Listed with this reading in the 観智院 (Kanchi-in) edition of the 11th- or 12th-century 類聚名義抄 (Ruiju Myōgishō) dictionary.[1]

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふんで, rōmaji funde)

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ふみて
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of (fumi, writing) +‎ (te, hand). Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū, circa 759.

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふみて, rōmaji fumite)

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ひつ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/pitu//fitu//hitu/

From Middle Chinese ( pit , writing brush). Compare modern Hakka and Min Nan pit, Mandarin .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひつ, rōmaji hitsu)

  1. a brush, a pen, a writing or drawing implement
  2. the mark made by a brush or pen
  3. writing or drawing with a brush or pen
  4. an allotment of land, such as for agriculture or housing (from the way that a description of the land and the owner would be written down in the survey register)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pil) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'il, Yale phil)

  1. writing brush
  2. write
  3. stroke

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bút)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.