See also:
U+7B46, 筆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B46

[U+7B45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B47]

Translingual edit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 118, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹中手 (HLQ), four-corner 88507, composition 𥫗)

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 882, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1310, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2970, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B46



Chinese edit

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *prud) and ideogrammic compound (會意会意): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *b·lud, writing brush) – a hand holding a brush . The bamboo () refers to the material of traditional Chinese brushes.

Etymology edit

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ris (to draw; picture) or *rit (to draw; boundary) (STEDT). Related to (OC *b·lud).

Benedict (1972) surmises that this might ultimately be a loan from Austro-Tai into Sino-Tibetan; compare Proto-Austronesian *bulut (hairy filaments of certain plants, husk) (> Cebuano bulut).

Pronunciation edit


Note: rare.
Note:
  • big4 - Chaozhou;
  • bêg4 - Jieyang.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (49)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter pit
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠiɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pjit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /pjĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bat1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pit ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*p.[r]ut/ (borrowed as *prut from Qín dialect)
    English writing brush

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15975
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*prud/

    Definitions edit

    1. writing brush
    2. (countable) pen; pencil (Classifier: m c mn;  md)
      一下電話號碼 [MSC, trad.]
      一下电话号码 [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ yǒu ma? Jì yīxià zhè ge diànhuà hàomǎ. [Pinyin]
      Do you have a pen to write this phone number?
    3. to write; to compose
    4. Classifier for writing or drawing: stroke (of Chinese characters, in a painting, etc.)
      這裡 [MSC, trad.]
      这里 [MSC, simp.]
      Nǐ zhè ge zì xiě cuò le, zhèlǐ shào le yī . [Pinyin]
      The character you have miswritten lacks one stroke here.
    5. Classifier for sums of money and deals.all nouns using this classifier
      儘早 [MSC, trad.]
      尽早 [MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ huì jǐnzǎo bǎ zhè qián huán gěi nǐ. [Pinyin]
      I will return the money as soon as possible.

    Synonyms edit

    Compounds edit

    Descendants edit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ひつ) (hitsu)
    • Korean: 필(筆) (pil)
    • Vietnamese: bút ()

    Others

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ふで
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /fumite//fũnde//fude/

    Shift in pronunciation from fumite below,[2] caused by a regular shift where medial (mi) causes nasalization of the preceding vowel and voicing of the following consonant, with the nasalization reverting in some cases. Now the most common pronunciation in modern Japanese.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ふで) (fude

    1. a writing brush, a painting brush, a pen
    2. writing:
      1. the act of writing
      2. something written
      3. handwriting, how someone writes
    Usage notes edit

    The pen sense is more commonly expressed using the English-derived term ペン (pen).

    Etymology 2 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ふんで
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    /fumite//fũnde//funde/

    Shift in pronunciation from fumite below, caused by a regular shift where medial (mi) causes nasalization of the preceding vowel and voicing of the following consonant. Listed with this reading in the 観智院 (Kanchi-in) edition of the 11th- or 12th-century 類聚名義抄 (Ruiju Myōgishō) dictionary.[2]

    Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ふんで) (funde

    1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

    Etymology 3 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ふみて
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (fumi, writing) +‎ (te, hand). Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū, circa 759.

    Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ふみて) (fumite

    1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

    Etymology 4 edit

    Kanji in this term
    ひつ
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    /pitu//fitu//hitu/

    From Middle Chinese ( pit , writing brush). Compare modern Hakka and Min Nan pit, Mandarin .

    Pronunciation edit

    Noun edit

    (ひつ) (hitsu

    1. a brush, a pen, a writing or drawing implement
    2. the mark made by a brush or pen
    3. writing or drawing with a brush or pen
    4. an allotment of land, such as for agriculture or housing (from the way that a description of the land and the owner would be written down in the survey register)

    References edit

    1. ^ Toparlı, Recep (2007) Kıpçak Türkçesi Sözlüğü[1], 2nd edition, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, →ISBN, page 33
    2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun (but pil))

    1. Hanja form? of (writing brush; to write; stroke).

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: bút, viết

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.