See also:
U+7B46, 筆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7B46

[U+7B45]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B47]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹中手 (HLQ), four-corner 88507, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 882, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1310, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2970, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B46




ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prud) and ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic (bamboo) + phonetic (OC *b·lud, writing brush) – a hand holding a brush . The bamboo () refers to the material of traditional Chinese brushes.

EtymologyEdit

Benedict (1972) surmises that this might be a loan from Austro-Tai into Sino-Tibetan; compare Proto-Austronesian *bulut (hairy filaments of certain plants, husk) (> Cebuano bulut).

PronunciationEdit


Note: rare.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (49)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pjit̚/
Li
Rong
/pjĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pit ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.[r]ut/ (borrowed as *prut from Qín dialect)
English writing brush

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15975
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. writing brush
  2. pen; pencil
    一下電話號碼 [MSC, trad.]
    一下电话号码 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ yǒu ma, jì yīxià zhè ge diànhuà hàomǎ. [Pinyin]
    Do you have a pen to write this phone number?
  3. to write; to compose
  4. Classifier for writing or drawing: stroke (of Chinese characters, in a painting, etc.)
    這裡 [MSC, trad.]
    这里 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zhè ge zì xiě cuò le, zhèlǐ shào le yī . [Pinyin]
    The character you have miswritten lacks one stroke here.
  5. Classifier for sums of money and deals.all nouns using this classifier
    儘早 [MSC, trad.]
    尽早 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ huì jǐnzǎo bǎ zhè qián huán gěi nǐ. [Pinyin]
    I will return the money as soon as possible.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ひつ) (hitsu)
  • Korean: (, pil)
  • Vietnamese: bút ()

Others

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ふで
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/fumite//fũnde//fude/

Shift in pronunciation from fumite below,[1] caused by a regular shift where medial (mi) causes nasalization of the preceding vowel and voicing of the following consonant, with the nasalization reverting in some cases. Now the most common pronunciation in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ふで) (fude

  1. a writing brush, a painting brush, a pen
  2. writing:
    1. the act of writing
    2. something written
    3. handwriting, how someone writes
Usage notesEdit

The pen sense is more commonly expressed using the English-derived term ペン (pen).

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ふんで
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/fumite//fũnde//funde/

Shift in pronunciation from fumite below, caused by a regular shift where medial (mi) causes nasalization of the preceding vowel and voicing of the following consonant. Listed with this reading in the 観智院 (Kanchi-in) edition of the 11th- or 12th-century 類聚名義抄 (Ruiju Myōgishō) dictionary.[1]

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ふんで) (funde

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ふみて
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of (fumi, writing) +‎ (te, hand). Appears with this reading in the Man'yōshū, circa 759.

Superseded by the fude reading above in modern Japanese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ふみて) (fumite

  1. (obsolete) same as for fude above: brush; pen; writing

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ひつ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/pitu//fitu//hitu/

From Middle Chinese ( pit , writing brush). Compare modern Hakka and Min Nan pit, Mandarin .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ひつ) (hitsu

  1. a brush, a pen, a writing or drawing implement
  2. the mark made by a brush or pen
  3. writing or drawing with a brush or pen
  4. an allotment of land, such as for agriculture or housing (from the way that a description of the land and the owner would be written down in the survey register)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (but pil))

  1. Hanja form? of (writing brush; to write; stroke).

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bút)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.