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U+5F48, 彈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F48

[U+5F47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F49]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 57, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 弓口口十 (NRRJ), four-corner 16256, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 360, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9865
  • Dae Jaweon: page 678, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1002, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5F48

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𢎫
⿰弓旦 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰaːn, *tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːn, *daːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • daan6 - to catapult, to flick, to spring, to be elastic;
  • taan4 - to play (an instrument), to accuse.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tân - literary;
    • tôaⁿ/tōaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dan/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tán tán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dan › ‹ dan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.dˁar/ /*[d]ˁar/
    English shoot pellets shoot pellets

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2003
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*daːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to shoot (with a slingshot); to catapult; to eject
    2. to flick; to fluff; to strike
    3. (music) to play (a stringed musical instrument)
      /   ―  tánqín  ―  to play stringed instruments or piano
    4. to spring; to leap; to be elastic
    5. to accuse; to criticise; to expose
    6. (traditional Chinese medicine) to puncture
    7. (of tear) to fall
    8. to weigh
    9. (Min Dong) to shine
    10. (Min Dong) to look (in the mirror)
    11. (Min Nan) to blather; to speak nonsense

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • tôaⁿ, tōaⁿ - vernacular;
    • tân, tān, thân - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /danH/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ danH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ˁar-s/
    English pellet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2013
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*daːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. shot; pellet
    2. slingshot
    3. Alternative form of (dàn, “egg”).
    4. bullet; shot
      /   ―  dàn  ―  bullet
    5. bomb; shell

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (tan) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đạn, đàn, đằn, đan, đận, rờn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.