See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Graphically,  + 𠦆.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tan⁵⁵/
Harbin /tan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tan²¹/
Jinan /tã²¹³/
Qingdao /tã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tan²⁴/
Xi'an /tã²¹/
Xining /tã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /tan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡san⁵⁵/
/san²¹³/
Kunming /tã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
Hefei /tæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /te⁵³/
Suzhou /te̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ta³³/
Hui Shexian /tɛ³¹/
Tunxi /tɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
Xiangtan /tan³³/
Gan Nanchang /tan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tan⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tɑn²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tan⁵³/
Nanning /tan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tan⁵⁵/
/tuã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuiŋ⁵⁴/
/tuiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
/ʔdua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (5)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tan/
Li
Rong
/tɑn/
Wang
Li
/tɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tan ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.tˤar/
English single, simple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 1995
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. single; individual; solitary
  2. thin; narrow; faint
  3. simple; uncomplicated
  4. (of clothes) unlined
  5. (mathematics) odd
  6. cover; bed sheet
  7. list; register; catalogue
  8. only; merely; simply
  9. and; plus
  10. Classifier for cases, deals and businesses.
  11. A surname​.
See alsoEdit
  • (only): (zhǐ)

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑian/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyen ›
Old
Chinese
/*dar/ (< *[d]ar)
English 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 2027
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 單于单于 (chányú).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænX/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianX/ /d͡ʑianH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnX/ /ʑiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnX/ /ʑĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn shàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 4/4
No. 2035 2037
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djanʔ/ /*djans/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. () Shan County (county in Shandong)
  2. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune-Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

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