See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Graphically,  + 𠦆.

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

  1. single, individual, only
  2. lone
  3. a surname
  4. numerary adjunct for legal case (Cantonese)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tan⁵⁵/
Harbin /tan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tan²¹/
Jinan /tã²¹³/
Qingdao /tã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tan²⁴/
Xi'an /tã²¹/
Xining /tã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /tan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡san⁵⁵/
/san²¹³/
Kunming /tã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
Hefei /tæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /te⁵³/
Suzhou /te̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ta³³/
Hui Shexian /tɛ³¹/
Tunxi /tɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
Xiangtan /tan³³/
Gan Nanchang /tan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tan⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tɑn²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tan⁵³/
Nanning /tan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tan⁵⁵/
/tuã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuiŋ⁵⁴/
/tuiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
/ʔdua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/ /tan/ /tɑn/ /tɑn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇn/ /ʑi̯ɛn/ /ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑian/ /ʑĭɛn/ /d͡ʑjæn/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑianX/ /ʑĭɛnX/ /d͡ʑjænX/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/ /ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑianH/ /ʑĭɛnH/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chán ‹ dzyen › /*dar (< *[d]ar)/ 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)
dān ‹ tan › /*Cə.tˤar/ single, simple

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1995 1 /*taːn/
2027 1 /*djan/
2035 1 /*djanʔ/
2037 1 /*djans/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. solitary
  2. only; merely; simply
    國度怎樣知道知道諾威人Hamsun小說飢餓》,粗野口吻很多並不 [MSC, trad.]
    国度怎样知道知道诺威人Hamsun小说饥饿》,粗野口吻很多并不 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 1925, 魯迅, 論「他媽的!」
    Bié de guódù lǐ zěnyàng, wǒ bù zhīdào. Dān zhīdào Nuòwēirén Hamsun yǒu yī běn xiǎoshuō jiào "Jī'è", cūyě de kǒuwěn shì hěnduō de, dàn wǒ bìngbù jiàn zhè yī lèi huà. [Pinyin]
    I don't know what it's like in other countries. I only know that a Norwegian [named] Hamsun has [written] a novel called Hunger [in which] vulgar speech is plenty, but I have by no means seen this kind of thing [referring to 他媽的].

See alsoEdit

  • (only): (zhǐ)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune-Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

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ReferencesEdit

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