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U+55AE, 單
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55AE

[U+55AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55AF]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口口田十 (RRWJ), four-corner 66506, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 654, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+55AE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a net to catch animals. The two boxes at the top are weights, the middle section is the net, the bottom is the rope.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • toaⁿ - vernacular;
  • tan - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tan²¹/
    Jinan /tã²¹³/
    Qingdao /tã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tan²⁴/
    Xi'an /tã²¹/
    Xining /tã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /tan⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tan⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡san⁵⁵/
    /san²¹³/
    Kunming /tã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
    Hefei /tæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /te⁵³/
    Suzhou /te̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ta³³/
    Hui Shexian /tɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /tɔ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
    Xiangtan /tan³³/
    Gan Nanchang /tan⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tan⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tɑn²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tan⁵³/
    Nanning /tan⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /tan⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tan⁵⁵/
    /tuã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /taŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tuiŋ⁵⁴/
    /tuiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
    /ʔdua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tan/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dān
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.tˤar/
    English single, simple

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 1995
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. single; individual; solitary
    2. thin; narrow; faint
    3. simple; uncomplicated
    4. (of clothes) unlined
    5. (mathematics) Short for 單數单数 (dānshù, “odd”).
    6. (linguistics) Short for 單數单数 (dānshù, “singular”).
    7. cover; bed sheet
    8. list; register; catalogue
    9. only; merely; simply
    10. and; plus
    11. bill (Classifier: c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  maai4 daan1 [Jyutping]  ―  to pay a bill
    12. Classifier for cases, deals and businesses.
    13. A surname​.
    See alsoEdit
    • (only): (zhǐ)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chán
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dar/ (< *[d]ar)
    English 單于 chányú: Xiōngnú ruler (W. Hàn)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    No. 2027
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djan/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 單于单于 (chányú).

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    Initial () (25) (25)
    Final () (77) (77)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇnX/ /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛnX/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjænX/ /d͡ʑjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑianX/ /d͡ʑianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛnX/ /ʑiɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛnX/ /ʑĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛnX/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shàn shàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    No. 2035 2037
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djanʔ/ /*djans/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. () Shan County (county in Shandong)
    2. A surname​.

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (dan, seon) (hangeul , , revised dan, seon, McCune-Reischauer tan, sŏn, Yale tan, sen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đơn, đan, thiền, truyên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit