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U+5F85, 待
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F85

[U+5F84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F86]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 60, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土木戈 (HOGDI), four-corner 24241, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 366, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10085
  • Dae Jaweon: page 686, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 818, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5F85

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
*dɯːʔ
*ljɯs
*l'ɯ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *djɯs
*dɯʔ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ, *djɯs
*djɯ
*djɯʔ
*djɯs
*hljɯ
*hljɯ
*dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *dɯːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ljɯs).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Probably related to (MC təŋX, “to wait”) (Wang, 1982).

Karlgren (1956) relates this word to (OC *djɯs, “to serve; to wait upon”).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • duòi - vernacular;
  • dài - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tāi/tǎi - vernacular;
    • thāi/thǎi - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dʌiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dəiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɒiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /dᴀiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɒiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑ̆iX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dojX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ˁəʔ/
    English wait on; depend on

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12029
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dɯːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to wait
    2. to need
    3. to be about to; to intend to
    4. to treat; to entertain; to receive
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms
      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to stay

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. wait

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (dae)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đãi, đảy, đậy, đẩy, đẫy, đợi, rãi, dợi, đất, được)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.