U+5F85, 待
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F85

[U+5F84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F86]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 60, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人土木戈 (HOGDI), four-corner 24241, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 366, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10085
  • Dae Jaweon: page 686, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 818, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5F85

Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *dɯːʔ) : semantic + phonetic (OC *ljɯs).

Etymology 1

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trad.
simp. #

Probably related to (MC tongX, “to wait”) (Wang, 1982).

Karlgren (1956) relates this word to (OC *djɯs, “to serve; to wait upon”).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • duòi - vernacular;
  • dài - literary.
Note:
  • tāi/tǎi - vernacular;
  • thāi/thǎi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter dojX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəjX/
Li
Rong
/dᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/dɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
doi6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dài
Middle
Chinese
‹ dojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁəʔ/
English wait on; depend on

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12029
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*dɯːʔ/

Definitions

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  1. to wait for; to await; to expect
  2. to need; to depend on
  3. to be about to; to intend to
  4. to treat; to entertain; to receive; to handle
  5. to prepare for
  6. a surname

Compounds

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Descendants

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  • Vietnamese: đợi (to wait for)

Etymology 2

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trad.
simp. #
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. to stay

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. wait

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 기다릴 (gidaril dae))

  1. Hanja form? of (wait).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: đãi, đảy, đậy, đẩy, đẫy, đợi, rãi, dợi, đất, được

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.