Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *dɯːɡ): semantic  ‎(ox) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ljɯs)

Han characterEdit

(radical 93 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹手土木戈 (HQGDI), four-corner 24541, composition)

  1. bull, ox
  2. special, unique, distinguished

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 700, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20013
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1113, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1808, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7279

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /tʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /tʰɤ⁵³/
Jinan /tʰə⁴²/ ~別
/tei⁴²/ ~為
Qingdao /tʰə⁵⁵/ ~務
/te⁵⁵/ ~為
Zhengzhou /tʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰei²⁴/
Xining /tʰɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰa¹³/
/tʰia¹³/
/tʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /tʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /tʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰe³¹/
/tʰie³¹/
Guiyang /tʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /tʰə³¹/
Nanjing /tʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰaʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /tʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /de²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰe²²/
/tʰi²²/
Tunxi /tʰe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɛʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰit̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdek̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (131)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dé
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dək̚/ /dək̚/ /dək̚/ /dək̚/ /dək̚/ /dək̚/ /dʱək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dok › /*[d]ˤək/ bull

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12055 0 /*dɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 特別 ‎(とくべつ, tokubetsu)
  • 特防 ‎(とくぼう, tokubō)
  • 特撮 ‎(とくさつ, tokusatsu)
  • 特捜 ‎(とくそう, tokusō)
  • 特殊 ‎(とくしゅ, tokushu)

KoreanEdit

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đặc, đực, đước, được, sệt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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