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U+5BFA, 寺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BFA

[U+5BF9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BFB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 41 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土木戈 (GDI), four-corner 40341, composition(GJKHO) or ⿱(TV)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 293, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7414
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5BFA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
*dɯːʔ
*ljɯs
*l'ɯ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
*dɯʔ, *djɯs
*dɯʔ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ
*djɯ, *djɯs
*djɯ
*djɯʔ
*djɯs
*hljɯ
*hljɯ
*dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljɯs): phonetic  (OC *kjɯʔ) + semantic  (hand) – to grasp, to hold. Phonetic 止 () became in Clerical Script and semantic become in Small Seal Script.

The derivative refers to the original word.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • sī - vernacular;
  • sū/sīr - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/zɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/zieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨH/
Li
Rong
/ziəH/
Wang
Li
/zĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ziH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ziH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[d]əʔ-s/
English hall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12030
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljɯs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. temple; monastery
  2. government court; office (Used before Han dynasty)

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. archaic form of 近侍 referring to eunuchs

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
てら
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

There are various theories regarding the ultimate derivation.

Considering the phonetic development in Korean, the avenues for transmission of Buddhist terms to Japan, and the consistent temple sense of the Japanese term throughout recorded history, the now-obsolete Korean (dyeol, temple) may be a more likely source than Pali thera (elders).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(counter , hiragana てら, rōmaji tera)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MCH).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

  1. (chiefly Buddhist) a temple

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3822), text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  6. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa, si) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tự, nguyên, nhân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.