See also: and
U+5857, 塗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5857

[U+5856]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5858]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水木土 (EDG), four-corner 38104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 235, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5338
  • Dae Jaweon: page 473, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 474, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5857

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
 
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Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rlaː, *l'aː): phonetic  (OC *l'aː, *l'a) + semantic  (earth; dirt).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dù - verb;
  • tù - noun.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thô͘ - vernacular (noun);
    • tô͘ - literary (verb).
    Note: tou5 - “mud, shoal, earth, ground”.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (7) (11)
    Final () (23) (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duo/ /ɖˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duo/ /ɖᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /do/ /ȡa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɔ/ /ɖaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /do/ /ȡa/
    Wang
    Li
    /du/ /ȡa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuo/ /ȡʱa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chá
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ du › ‹ du ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁa/ /*lˁa/
    English to plaster road

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 15751 15774
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𡨀
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rlaː/ /*l'aː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mud
    2. shoal
    3. to daub; to smear; to apply; to paint
    4. to cross out
    5. to scribble; to scrawl over
    6. (Min Nan) earth
    7. (Min Nan) ground
    8. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Usage notesEdit

    This surname ( ()) is different from the surname () or the surname ()

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. paint

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    (ぬり) (nuri

    1. Alternative spelling of 塗り

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune–Reischauer to)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đồ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.