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U+837C, 荼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-837C

[U+837B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+837D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿人一木 (TOMD), four-corner 44904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1032, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1492, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3221, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+837C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lja, *laː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *ɦlja, *l'aː
*rlaː, *l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*rlaː
*rlaː, *l'aː
*ɦlja
*hljaː
*hljaː, *la
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːʔ
*hljaːʔ, *hljaːs
*hljaːs
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰaːʔ
*l̥ʰaː, *l̥ʰas, *las
*l̥ʰaː
*l̥ʰaː, *l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *la
*l'aː, *l'a
*l'aː
*l'aː
*l'aː, *l̥ʰa
*l'aː
*lja
*lja
*ljaʔ
*ljaʔ
*l'a, *l'as
*rla
*rla
*rla
*ɦlja, *la
*hljaː
*hlja
*la
*la
*la
*la
*la
*las

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3 1/3 2/3
Initial () (11) (7) (27)
Final () (98) (23) (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠa/ /duo/ /ʑia/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚa/ /duo/ /ʑia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡa/ /do/ /ʑia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖaɨ/ /dɔ/ /ʑia/
Li
Rong
/ȡa/ /do/ /d͡ʑia/
Wang
Li
/ȡa/ /du/ /d͡ʑĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱa/ /dʱuo/ /d͡ʑʰi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chá shé
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chá
Middle
Chinese
‹ dræ ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˁra/
English (name of a plant)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3 2/3
No. 15748 15776 15761
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𡨀
Old
Chinese
/*rlaː/ /*l'aː/ /*ɦlja/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a type of bitter vegetable, of Sonchus or Lactuca
  2. (figuratively) pain; suffering
  3. white flower of cogon grass or reed
Usage notesEdit
  • can refer to one of several types of bitter tasting vegetables. Early Chinese texts are rather vague in their description, which makes it difficult to determine which species it originally referred to.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tea; tea; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation 4Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 神荼 (Shēnshū).

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 5Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to open up; to unfold; to stretch out; comfortable; easy”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đồ, dưa, giưa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.