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See also: 媿
U+6127, 愧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6127

[U+6126]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6128]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心竹山戈 (PHUI), four-corner 96013, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 396, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10982
  • Dae Jaweon: page 734, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2329, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6127

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tkuːlʔ, *krul
*kuːl, *ɡuːl
*kuːl, *kʰuːlʔ
*kuːl
*kʰuːl
*kʰuːlʔ, *qulʔ
*kʰuːls, *kʰruːds
*ŋɡuːl, *ŋɡuːlʔ
*ŋɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːl, *ɡruːl
*ɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːlʔ
*ɡuːlʔ, *qruːl
*ɡuːls, *krul
*ɡruːl
*krul, *kruls, *kul
*kruls
媿 *kruls
*kruls
*ɡruls
*kulʔ
*ŋɡuls
*ŋul
*ŋul, *ŋuls

Origins related to 媿. In Shuowen, understood as an Ideogrammic compound (會意): abbreviated  (shame) +  (spirit). Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruls): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *kulʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (18)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjwiH/
Li
Rong
/kjuiH/
Wang
Li
/kwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuì
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ruj-s/
English ashamed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4682
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
媿
Old
Chinese
/*kruls/
Notes 媿

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ashamed; guilty; conscience-stricken; mortified
  2. to make (someone) feel guilty; to shame; to blame

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. feel ashamed
  2. shy

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ProverbsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(goe) (hangeul , revised goe, McCune–Reischauer koe, Yale koy)

  1. ashamed
  2. conscience-stricken

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quý)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.