See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土竹山戈 (GHUI), four-corner 46113, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 235, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 472, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 464, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+584A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

EtymologyEdit

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan , which may be etymologically unrelated.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰuai⁵³/
Xining /kʰuɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /kʰuɛ⁵³/
/kʰuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɛ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰuai⁴²/
Chengdu /kʰuai⁵³/
Guiyang /kʰuai⁴²/
Kunming /kʰuæ⁵³/
Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/ 一~糖
/kʰuai⁵³/ 糖~~
Pingyao /kʰuæ⁵³/
/xuæ⁵³/ 一~人
Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/ 兩~錢
/kʰuɛ⁵³/ 石頭~子
Wu Shanghai /kʰue³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰai⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kʰuai⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /fai³³/
Nanning /fai³³/
/wai³³/
Hong Kong /fai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰuai²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøy³²/ 訓讀
/kʰuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ko²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xɔi³⁵/
/xuai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwəjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuài kuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwɛjH › ‹ khwojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤ<r>uj-s/ /*[kʰ]ˤuj-s/
English clod, lump clod; lump

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4666 4676
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰuːls/ /*kʰruːds/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. piece; chunk; lump; part
  2. (colloquial) yuan ( (yuán)), the Chinese currency or other currency
  3. Classifier for piece of something (food, cloth, stone): piece; chunk; slab
  4. Classifier for areas of land: plot; tract; area

See alsoEdit

  • (Cantonese)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かたまり, romaji katamari)

  1. lump, mass, clump, clod, glob

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(goe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer koe)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khối, cỏi, khỏi, hòn, khói)

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