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See also: Shy

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English shy (shy), from Old English sċēoh (shy), from Proto-Germanic *skeuhaz (shy, fearful). Cognate with Saterland Frisian skjou (shy), Dutch schuw (shy), German scheu (shy), Danish sky (shy).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

shy (comparative shier or shyer or more shy, superlative shiest or shyest or most shy)

  1. Easily frightened; timid.
    • Jonathan Swift
      The horses of the army [] were no longer shy, but would come up to my very feet without starting.
  2. Reserved; disinclined to familiar approach.
    He is very shy with strangers.
    • Arbuthnot
      What makes you so shy, my good friend? There's nobody loves you better than I.
  3. Cautious; wary; suspicious.
    • Boyle
      I am very shy of using corrosive liquors in the preparation of medicines.
    • Sir H. Wotton
      Princes are, by wisdom of state, somewhat shy of their successors.
  4. (informal) Short, insufficient or less than.
    By our count your shipment came up two shy of the bill of lading amount.
    It is just shy of a mile from here to their house.
  5. Embarrassed. (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Usage notesEdit

  • Often used in combination with a noun to produce an adjective or adjectival phrase.
  • Adjectives are usually applicable to animals (leash-shy "shy of leashes" or head shy "shy of contact around the head" (of horses)) or to children.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

shy (third-person singular simple present shies, present participle shying, simple past and past participle shied)

  1. (intransitive) To avoid due to timidness or caution.
    I shy away from investment opportunities I don't understand.
  2. (intransitive) To jump back in fear.
    The horse shied away from the rider, which startled him so much he shied away from the horse.
  3. (transitive) to throw sideways with a jerk; to fling
    to shy a stone; to shy a slipper
    • Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone (chapter VI)
      "I was thinking, sir," I answered, "that I should like to shy the Diamond into the quicksand, and settle the question in that way."
    (Can we find and add a quotation of T. Hughes to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

NounEdit

shy (plural shies)

  1. An act of throwing.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Thackeray to this entry?)
    • Punch
      If Lord Brougham gets a stone in his hand, he must, it seems, have a shy at somebody.
    • 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, p. 55:
      The game had started. A man was chasing the ball, it went out for a shy.
  2. A place for throwing.
    coconut shy
  3. A sudden start aside, as by a horse.
  4. In the Eton College wall game, a point scored by lifting the ball against the wall in the calx.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit