See also: 𠈻
U+4FD7, 俗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FD7

[U+4FD6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FD8]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人金人口 (OCOR), four-corner 28268, composition )

Usage notes edit

This character is not to be confused with 𠈻 (U+2023B) which has 𧮫 instead of as its right component.

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 105, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 163, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4FD7

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ljoɡ): semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ) – customs of people.

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *luk (custom; manner) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan ལུགས (lugs, tradition; custom).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • sio̍k - literary (“cheap; custom”);
  • sio̍h - vernacular (俗) (“boring; lonely; ordinary”).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /su³⁵/
    Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
    /su²⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
    /su⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
    Qingdao /sy⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
    Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
    Xining /ɕy²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
    Lanzhou /su⁵³/
    Ürümqi /su²¹³/
    Wuhan /səu²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
    /ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕiu²¹/
    Kunming /su³¹/
    Nanjing /suʔ⁵/
    Hefei /suəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zoʔ³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zoʔ²/
    Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /su²²/
    Tunxi /siu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /səu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /səɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /siuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /siuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
    Nanning /suk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /siɔk̚⁵/
    /sioʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /tok̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter zjowk
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zuk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-[ɢ]ok/
    English ways, customs; vulgar

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4302
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljoɡ/
      This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
    Particularly: “Dungan”

    Definitions edit

    1. vulgar; unrefined; common; popular; vernacular
    2. (Hokkien) cheap; inexpensive
    3. custom; practice; habit
    4. (Buddhism) those of the secular world; non-monks
    5. (Mainland China Hokkien) boring; dull; uninteresting; drab
    6. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) lonely; desolate; lonesome
    7. (Xiamen Hokkien) ordinary; common; mediocre

    Synonyms edit

    • (boring):
    • (lonely):
    • (ordinary):

    Synonyms edit

    Compounds edit

    Further reading edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Adjective edit

    (ぞく) (zoku-na (adnominal (ぞく) (zoku na), adverbial (ぞく) (zoku ni))

    1. worldly
    2. vulgar
    3. common, lay
      (ぞく)()
      zoku ni iu
      what is commonly referred to as
      (ぞく)()えば
      zoku ni ieba
      to use a common phrase

    Inflection edit

    Noun edit

    (ぞく) (zoku

    1. worldliness
    2. vulgarity
    3. the laity, mundane things, common man
    4. customs

    Derived terms edit

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 풍속 (pungsok sok))

    1. Hanja form? of (vulgar; unrefined; common; popular; vernacular).

    Compounds edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tục

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.