Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  – customs of people.

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人金人口 (OCOR), four-corner 28268, composition)

  1. social customs
  2. vulgar, unrefined

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 105, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 163, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4FD7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /su³⁵/
Harbin /ɕy²⁴/
/su²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕy⁴⁵/
/su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕy⁴²/
Qingdao /sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /sy⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕy²⁴/
Xining /ɕy²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /su⁵³/
Ürümqi /su²¹³/
Wuhan /səu²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /su³¹/
Nanjing /suʔ⁵/
Hefei /suəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
Suzhou /zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zoʔ²/
Wenzhou /jo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /su²²/
Tunxi /siu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /səu²⁴/
Xiangtan /səɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /siuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /siuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚²/
Nanning /suk̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/
/sioʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tok̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨok̚/ /zi̯wok̚/ /ziok̚/ /ziok̚/ /zuawk̚/ /zĭwok̚/ /ziok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ zjowk › /*s-[ɢ]ok/ ways, customs; vulgar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4302 0 /*ljoɡ/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. vulgar; unrefined; common; popular; vernacular
  2. (Min Nan) cheap; inexpensive

SynonymsEdit

  • (cheap): (Mandarin) 便宜 (piányi)

NounEdit

  1. custom; practice; habit
  2. (Buddhism) those of the secular world; non-monks

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldly
  2. vulgar
  3. common, lay
     (ぞく) ()
    zoku ni iu
    what is commonly referred to as
     (ぞく) ()えば
    zoku ni ieba
    to use a common phrase

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぞく, romaji zoku)

  1. worldliness
  2. vulgarity
  3. the laity, mundane things, common man
  4. customs

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sok) (hangeul , revised sok, McCune-Reischauer sok, Yale sok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language