See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 火田中戈 (FWLI), four-corner 96827, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 685, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19480
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1098, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2241, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+71ED

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡sou²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡siɔk̚³²/
/t͡sik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡suɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
/t͡siak̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨok̚/ /t͡ɕi̯wok̚/ /t͡ɕiok̚/ /t͡ɕiok̚/ /cuawk̚/ /t͡ɕĭwok̚/ /t͡ɕiok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhú ‹ tsyowk › /*tok/ torch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11828 0 /*tjoɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. candle, taper
  2. to shine, to illuminate

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 蝋燭 (ろうそく, rōsoku)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chok) (hangeul , revised chok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ok, Yale chok)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đuốc, chúc)

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