Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E01
Code point U+4E01
Entity number 丁
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E00] [U+4E02]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
丁-bw.png
Stroke order
丁-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
丁-oracle.svg 丁-bronze.svg 丁-silk.svg 丁-bigseal.svg 丁-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a nail.

The modern character for "nail" is /.

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一弓 (MN), four-corner 10200, composition)

  1. male adult
  2. robust, vigorous
  3. the fourth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. used as a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 75, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2
  • Dae Jaweon: page 135, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 2, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E01

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 丁 (姓)
Mandarin Beijing /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tiŋ²¹/
Jinan /tiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /tiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tiŋ²¹/
Xining /tiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /tiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tin⁵⁵/
Kunming /tĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /tin³¹/
Hefei /tin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /tiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /tĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /tin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tin³³/
Wenzhou /teŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /tiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /tɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tin³³/
Xiangtan /tin³³/
Gan Nanchang /tiɑŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ten⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ten²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /teŋ⁵³/
Nanning /teŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /taiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /teŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdeŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋ/ /tieŋ/ /teŋ/ /teŋ/ /tɛjŋ/ /tieŋ/ /tɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dīng ‹ teng › /*tˤeŋ/ 4th heavenly stem
dīng ‹ teng › /*tˤeŋ/ nail (n.)
zhēng ‹ trɛng › /*tˤreŋ/ sound of beating

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2372 0 /*rteːŋ/
2378 0 /*teːŋ/ 釘(鋌塊)初文

DefinitionsEdit

  1. man
  2. population, members of a family
  3. cube
  4. the fourth of the ten heavenly stems
  5. A surname​.
  6. fourth
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɣɛŋ/ /ȶæŋ/ /ȶɛŋ/ /ʈɯæŋ/ /ʈəɨjŋ/ /ȶæŋ/ /ȶɐŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēng ‹ trɛng › /*tˤreŋ/ sound of beating

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2372 0 /*rteːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. See 丁丁 (zhēngzhēng).

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. leaf, block, cake
  2. 4th in rank, fourth sign of the Chinese calendar
  3. street

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
  • Name (hangeul): 고무래, 장정 (revised: gomurae, jangjeong, McCune-Reischauer: komurae, changjŏng, Yale: komuray, cangceng)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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