U+71F9, 燹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71F9

[U+71F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71FA]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 86, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 一人火 (MOF), four-corner 11809, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 685, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19508
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1098, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2242, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+71F9

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𤐨

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) - a group of pigs () fleeing from a fire (). The bronze script form has a hand with a stick (), indicating that the fire would have been started on purpose, in manner to get rid of the pigs. The large seal script form also has what looks like on the right side.

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (16) (16) (32)
Final () (85) (77) (18)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () IV III III
Fanqie
Baxter senX sjenX xwijH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/senX/ /siᴇnX/ /hˠiuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/senX/ /siɛnX/ /hʷᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛnX/ /sjænX/ /xiuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛnX/ /sianX/ /hjwiH/
Li
Rong
/senX/ /siɛnX/ /xjuiH/
Wang
Li
/sienX/ /sĭɛnX/ /xwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sienX/ /si̯ɛnX/ /xwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎn xiǎn huì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin2 sin2 fai3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/3 3/3
No. 833 832 834
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*smlɯːnʔ/ /*smanʔ/ /*hmrɯls/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) fire, especially wildfire or war fire
  2. (literary) to burn

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. wildfire
  2. backburn

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
のび
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of (no, field) +‎ (hi, fire).[1][2] The hi changes to bi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

An ancient variant seen in eastern Japan uses the dialectal reading nu for .[1]

Use of this kanji is rare, and is an example of jukujikun. The standard spelling is 野火.[1][2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(のび) (nobi (rare)

(ぬび) (nubi (obsolete)

  1. a wildfire
Usage notes edit

Spelled using this kanji, excludes the "controlled agricultural burn" sense found found under the 野火 spelling.

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
ほそけ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Compound of (ho, fire) +‎ 退く (soku, to push away, to make distant).[1]

The kun'yomi for is usually hi, but it can appear as ho or fu, particularly in older compounds.

The soku changes to soke due to conjugation of the verb. Grammatically, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of soke indicates the transitive.[1]

Use of this kanji is rare, and is an example of jukujikun. The more common spelling is 火退.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ほそけ) (hosoke (rare)

  1. a backburn: a controlled fire deliberately set in the path of a wildfire to create a firebreak by removing combustible material
Usage notes edit

The more common word for this is 向火, ()かい() (mukaibi).[1]

Alternative forms edit
Synonyms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (hui))

  1. fire
  2. wild fires

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tiển

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit