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See also:
U+7DE9, 緩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DE9

[U+7DE8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DEA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 女火月一水 (VFBME), four-corner 22947, composition)


ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 931, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1369, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3429, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7DE9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*noːnʔ
*noːnʔ, *qʰʷan
*qʰʷaːns, *qʰʷan
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷaːnʔ
*ɢʷraːn
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷans, *ɢʷan
*ɢʷans
*ɢʷans, *ɢʷan
*ɢʷans
*qʰʷan, *qʰʷanʔ
*qʰʷan
*qʰʷans
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan
*ɢʷan

Originally written as 𦅻. Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷaːnʔ): semantic  (silk) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷan).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hoǎn/hoān - literary;
  • oǎn/oān - vernacular.
Note:
  • huêng2/huang2 - literary (huêng2 - Chaozhou);
  • mang7 - semantic (訓讀) (original character is ).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan²¹⁴/
Harbin /xuan²¹³/
Tianjin /xuan¹³/
Jinan /xuã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /xuã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /xuan⁵³/
Xi'an /xuã⁵³/
Xining /xuã⁵³/
Yinchuan /xuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /xuan⁵¹/
Wuhan /xuan⁴²/
Chengdu /xuan⁵³/
Guiyang /xuan⁴²/
Kunming /xuã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /xuaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /xʊ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /uø³⁵/
Suzhou /uø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔuõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /jy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /xuːə³¹/
Xiang Changsha /xõ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɦɔn⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /fɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /fan¹¹/
Taoyuan /fon⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wun²¹/
Nanning /wun³⁵/
Hong Kong /wun²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan²²/
/uan²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/ 訓讀
Haikou (Min Nan) /nuaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwanX/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑnX/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwanX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˁa[n]ʔ/
English slack; slow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16160
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaːnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. slow, leisurely
  2. to postpone, delay

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. slacken
  2. loosen
  3. relax
  4. lessen
  5. be moderate
  6. ease

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune–Reischauer wan, Yale wan)

  1. slow, leisurely
  2. to postpone
  3. delay

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoãn, hoán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.