U+86ED, 蛭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86ED

[U+86EC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86EE]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 142, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈一戈土 (LIMIG), four-corner 51114, composition )

  1. leech

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1083, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33048
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1550, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2848, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+86ED

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𧓳
⿰虫貭
𧌼

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *tiːɡ, *tiɡ, *tjiɡ) : semantic (insect) + phonetic (OC *tjiɡs)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-liːt (leech (water-, horse-)) (STEDT).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (23) (9) (5)
Final () (48) (49) (87)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III IV
Fanqie
Baxter tsyit trit tet
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪt̚/ /ʈˠiɪt̚/ /tet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕit̚/ /ʈᵚit̚/ /tet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjet̚/ /ȶiet̚/ /tɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cit̚/ /ʈjit̚/ /tɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiĕt̚/ /ȶjĕt̚/ /tet̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭĕt̚/ /ȶĭĕt̚/ /tiet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ĕt̚/ /ȶi̯ĕt̚/ /tiet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhi zhi die
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zat1 zat1 dit3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 17348 17357 17369
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tiːɡ/ /*tiɡ/ /*tjiɡ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. leech

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
ひる
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
 ヒル on Japanese Wikipedia

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(ひる) or (ヒル) (hiru

  1. a leech

References edit

  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(jil) (hangeul , revised jil, McCune–Reischauer chil, Yale cil)

  1. (거머리) leech

Compounds edit

See also edit

horse-leech

Okinawan edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
びーる
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Cognate with Japanese (hiru).

Noun edit

(びーる) (bīru

  1. leech

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: điệt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings edit

  • Nôm: chất, chấy, chí, điệt

References edit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999