See also:
U+59EA, 姪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59EA

[U+59E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59EB]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女一戈土 (VMIG), four-corner 41414, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6226
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1043, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+59EA

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.
alternative forms

𡥺
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *diːɡ, *diɡ): semantic  (woman) + phonetic  (OC *tjiɡs).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b/m-ləj (grandchild; nephew) + *-t (nominalizing final). Cognate with Burmese မြေး (mre:, grandchild).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • ti̍t - vernacular;
    • chit - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Note:
    • diag8 - Shantou;
    • diêg8 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /d͡zai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐt̚²/
    Nanning /t͡sɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tiak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (11) (7)
    Final () (49) (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () Chongniu III IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪt̚/ /det̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚit̚/ /det̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiet̚/ /dɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjit̚/ /dɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕt̚/ /det̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭĕt̚/ /diet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕt̚/ /dʱiet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhí dié
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17352 17367
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*diːɡ/ /*diɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fraternal nephew or niece (originally only of a woman, but also of a man after the Jìn dynasty)
    2. child of a (male) friend in the same generation
    3. Used to call oneself before someone in one's father's generation.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit
    • On (unclassified): てつ (tetsu); ちつ (chitsu)
    • Kun: めい (mei, ); おい (oi, )

    EtymologyEdit

    /me1hi/: [mepi] → [meɸi] → [mewi] → [mei]. Initial /me/ is cognate with (me1, female).

    NounEdit

    (めい) (mei (historical kana めひ)

    1. the daughter of ones sibling; a niece

    AntonymsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jil, jeol) (hangeul , , revised jil, jeol, McCune–Reischauer chil, chŏl)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đẹt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.