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See also:
U+59EA, 姪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59EA

[U+59E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59EB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女一戈土 (VMIG), four-corner 41414, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6226
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1043, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+59EA

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.
variant forms

𡥺

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tiɡs
*tiɡs
*tiɡs
*tʰiɡs, *tʰiɡ
*di, *diːɡ
*diɡs
*tjiɡs
*tʰji
*tʰji
*tʰjiɡs
*hriɡs, *tiːɡ, *diːɡ, *tʰiɡ
*tiːɡ, *tiɡ
*tiːɡ, *tiɡ, *tjiɡ
*diːɡ
*diːɡ
*diːɡ, *diɡ
*diːɡ
*diːɡ
*tiɡ
*tiɡ
*tiɡ, *tjiɡ
*tiɡ
*tiɡ
*diɡ, *tjiɡ
*tjiɡ
*tjiɡ
*tjiɡ
*hliɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *diːɡ, *diɡ): semantic  (woman) + phonetic  (OC *tjiɡs).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b/m-ləj (grandchild; nephew) + *-t (nominalizing final). Cognate with Burmese မြေး (mre:, grandchild).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • ti̍t - vernacular;
    • chit - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /zəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /d͡zai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɐt̚²/
    Nanning /t͡sɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tiak̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sit̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (11) (7)
    Final () (49) (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () Chongniu III IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪt̚/ /det̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚit̚/ /det̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiet̚/ /dɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjit̚/ /dɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕt̚/ /det̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭĕt̚/ /diet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕt̚/ /dʱiet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhí dié
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17352 17367
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*diːɡ/ /*diɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fraternal nephew or niece (originally only of a woman, but also of a man after the Jìn dynasty)
    2. child of a (male) friend in the same generation
    3. Used to call oneself before someone in one's father's generation.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 姪子 (“nephew (brother's son)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 姪子
    Mandarin Beijing 姪兒, 姪子
    Taiwan 姪子, 姪兒
    Harbin 姪兒, 姪子
    Shenyang 姪兒
    Hailar 姪子, 姪兒
    Bayanhot 姪兒子
    Jinan 姪子, 姪兒
    Muping 姪兒
    Luoyang 姪子
    Jiedian 姪兒
    Xi'an 姪兒
    Zhengzhou 姪兒
    Xining 姪兒
    Xuzhou 姪兒, 姪子
    Yinchuan 姪兒子
    Lanzhou 姪兒子
    Ürümqi 姪兒子, 姪子
    Wuhan 姪兒子, 姪兒, 姪子伢, 姪子
    Chengdu 姪兒子, 姪兒
    Guiyang 姪兒子
    Liuzhou 姪崽
    Kunming 姪兒子
    Yangzhou 姪子
    Nanjing 姪子
    Hefei 姪兒, 姪子
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 姪仔
    Hong Kong , 姪仔
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 姪子
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan 姪仔,
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang 阿姪
    Nanning 姪仔
    Kuala Lumpur 姪仔
    Gan Nanchang 姪子
    Lichuan 姪子, 姪崽
    Pingxiang 姪子
    Hakka Meixian 姪仔
    Luchuan
    Changting 姪哩
    Wuping 姪子
    Ninghua 孫哩, 姪哩
    Yudu 姪子, 老姪
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 姪仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 姪仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 姪仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 姪仔,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 姪子, 孫仔
    Hong Kong 姪子
    Senai 姪兒
    Huizhou Jixi 姪仂
    Jin Taiyuan 姪兒子
    Xinzhou 姪兒子
    Hohhot 姪兒子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Changle
    Fuqing ,
    Yongtai 孫囝
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde 孫囝
    Shouning 孫囝
    Zhouning
    Fuding 孫囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 姪仔, 孫仔
    Quanzhou 孫仔
    Zhangzhou 孫仔
    Taipei 姪仔
    Kaohsiung 姪仔, 孫仔
    Tainan 叔孫仔, 姪仔, 孫仔
    Taichung 姪仔, 孫仔
    Hsinchu 孫仔
    Lukang 姪仔, 孫仔
    Sanxia 姪仔
    Yilan 姪仔, 孫仔
    Kinmen 姪仔, 孫仔
    Magong 姪仔, 孫仔
    Penang 孫仔, 叔孫
    Singapore 孫仔,
    Pingnan 姪仔
    Chaozhou 逗孫
    Haifeng , 孫仔
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou 姪子
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 姪子
    Wu Shanghai 阿姪, 姪子
    Suzhou 阿姪, 姪兒子
    Hangzhou 姪兒
    Wenzhou 阿姪
    Chongming 阿姪
    Danyang 姪子
    Jinhua 姪兒
    Ningbo 阿姪
    Xiang Changsha 姪兒子, 姪兒, 姪子
    Shuangfeng 姪佬, 姪兒子
    Loudi 姪兒子
    Quanzhou 姪崽

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit
    • On (unclassified): てつ (tetsu); ちつ (chitsu)
    • Kun: めい (mei, ); おい (oi, )

    EtymologyEdit

    /me1hi/: [mepi] → [meɸi] → [mewi] → [mei]. Initial /me/ is cognate with (me1, female).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana めい, rōmaji mei, historical hiragana めひ)

    1. the daughter of ones sibling; a niece

    AntonymsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jil, jeol) (hangeul , , revised jil, jeol, McCune–Reischauer chil, chŏl)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đẹt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.