See also: , 𢀳, and
U+9091, 邑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9091

[U+9090]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9092]
U+2FA2, ⾢
KANGXI RADICAL CITY

[U+2FA1]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FA3]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Alternative forms

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  • (when used as a right radical component)

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 163, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口日山 (RAU) or 難口日山 (XRAU), four-corner 60717, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #163, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №229

Derived characters

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Further reading

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1267, character 42
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39269
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1767, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3753, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9091

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms radical

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (enclosure; city wall) + (kneeling person).

Etymology

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Possibly Sino-Tibetan. Schuessler (2007) proposes two possible etymologies:

Pronunciation

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Note: ig4 - Chenghai.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (142)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter 'ip
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjip̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəp̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jap1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔip ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[ə]p/
English city, town

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯb/

Definitions

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  1. state; country; nation
  2. capital; capital city
  3. city; town
  4. area; district
  5. Original form of (, “to worry; anxious”).

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. capital; capital city
  2. a type of administrative division

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
ゆう
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

Noun

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(ゆう) (いふ (ifu)?

  1. eup (an administrative division in Korea like a town)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
おおざと
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun

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(おおざと) (ōzatoおほざと (ofozato)?

  1. the "large village" radical, radical 163

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 고을 (go'eul eup))

  1. (geography) Hanja form? of (Town or eup, an administrative division larger and more populous than a "" (village) but smaller and less populous than a "" (county) or "" (city)).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: ấp, óp, ốp, phấp, ọp

  1. chữ Hán form of ấp (hamlet).