|巴|| U+5DF4, 巴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF4
巴 (radical 49, 己+1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日山 (AU), four-corner 77717, composition ⿴巳丨)
- 𠇕, 吧, 𪣀, 妑, 𡵟, 帊, 弝, 𢗌, 把, 𣲩, 肥, 杷, 𤆵, 爬, 㸭, 皅, 㿬, 𥑁, 粑, 紦, 羓, 耙, 舥, 蚆, 豝, 跁, 𨊹, 鈀(钯), 𠌊, 靶, 䰾(鲃), 䶕(𫜨)
- 𠛋, 𠄧, 𠀧, 𢻷, 𢁍, 𠠾, 邑, 夿, 岜, 爸, 芭, 笆, 𠉲, 琶, 䯩, 䯲, 𠂬, 巵, 㞎, 𢨴, 疤, 𡇃, 𡉷, 岊, 巼, 𪩮, 𢁋, 𣎞
- KangXi: page 327, character 1
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8745
- Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 2
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 985, character 1
- Unihan data for U+5DF4
||*braː, *braːs, *braːs
Pictogram (象形) — a huge snake.
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Are all these senses related? Some have proposed that these are all derived from the snake sense.”)
- "huge snake"
- Unclear. Compare
- Lao ກະບາ (ka bā, “Agkistrodon rhodostoma, a kind of viper”), where ກະ (ka) is possibly an animal prefix (Schuessler, 2007);
- Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɓəs (“snake”) (cf. Schuessler, 2007);
- Japhug qapri (“snake”), Brag-dbar Situ [Term?] (kha-prɐ̄j, “snake”), Cogtse Situ [Term?] (kha-brē, “snake”) (Zhang, Jacques, and Lai, 2019), which have been related to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-b/m-ruːl (“snake”), whence Chinese 虺 (OC *hŋlulʔ, “viper”), Tibetan སྦྲུལ (sbrul, “snake”).
- "bar" (unit of pressure)
- Borrowed from English bar.
- (ancient Chinese mythology) a huge snake that could swallow an elephant
- to greatly desire; to anxiously hope; to long for
- Used as a suffix for objects that are located below or behind.
- 尾巴 ― wěiba ― tail
- Used as a suffix for objects that are clumped together due to dryness or stickiness.
- 泥巴 ― níba ― mud
- to cling to; to stick to
- (Jilu Mandarin, Sichuan, dialectal Wu) to be close to; to be next to
- (Beijing, Jilu Mandarin) to open; to spread
- (Sichuan) to suit; to fit
- (Sichuan) to follow
- (Sichuan) to be intimate
- (Sichuan) to involve; to implicate
- (Sichuan) to kiss up; to curry favour
- (Sichuan) to subsidize
- (Sichuan) to infect; to contract
- (dialectal Mandarin, including Beijing, Shandong, Xinjiang) to sew; to stitch on
- (Southwestern Mandarin; Xiamen, Quanzhou Min Nan) dried object
- (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese) Classifier for the number of slaps.
- 打佢一巴 [Cantonese] ― daa2 keoi5 jat1 baa1 [Jyutping] ― to give him a slap
- (Jiaoliao Mandarin, Sichuan) along
- (historical) Ba (an ancient state in modern-day Sichuan)
- eastern Sichuan and Chongqing
- Short for 巴士 (bāshì, “bus”).
- 小巴 ― xiǎobā ― minibus
- (physics) bar (unit of pressure)
- Used in the transliteration of foreign words.
- 巴黎 ― Bālí ― Paris
- 巴拿馬 / 巴拿马 ― Bānámǎ ― Panama
- 淋巴 ― lìnbā ― lymph
- A surname.
|For pronunciation and definitions of 巴 – see 芭 (“short=1; a kind of fragrant grass; etc.”).|
(This character, 巴, is the second-round simplified form of 芭.)
|For pronunciation and definitions of 巴 – see 粑 (“cake-like food; tsamba”).|
(This character, 巴, is the second-round simplified form of 粑.)
(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)
First attested around the 12th century.
Originally a compound of 鞆 (tomo, “archer's left-wrist protector”) + 絵 (e, “picture, drawing”).
The use of the 巴 kanji is possibly for its resemblance to a big snake.
巴 • (tomoe) (historical kana ともゑ)
- a circular design resembling swirling water, a comma, or an archer's bow
- (architecture) a piece of wood, usually a floorboard or an eave, with a tomoe pattern
- an oxcart with the wickerwork in a tomoe pattern
- a 家紋 (kamon, “family crest”) with various tomoe designs
- Short for 巴瓦 (tomoegawara): a tile with a tomoe design
- turning (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text
巴 • (Tomoe) (historical kana ともゑ)
- Short for 巴御前 (Tomoe Gozen): 12th-century female samurai
- a 謡曲 (dōkyoku, “noh song”) based on a story from The Tale of the Heike
- a surname
- a unisex given name
From Middle Chinese 巴 (MC pˠa). The 漢音 (kan'on) reading, so likely a later borrowing.
巴 • (Ha)
- (historical) Ba (an ancient state in eastern Sichuan)