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U+5DF4, 巴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DF4

[U+5DF3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DF5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 49, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日山 (AU), four-corner 77717, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 327, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8745
  • Dae Jaweon: page 631, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 985, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5DF4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*praː
*praː
*praː, *braːʔ
*praː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː, *pʰraː
*praː
*praːʔ
*praːs, *baʔ
*praːs
*praːs
*pʰraː
*pʰraː
*pʰraː
*pʰraːs
*braː
*braː
*braː, *braːs, *braːs
*braːʔ, *braːs
*braːs

Pictogram (象形) — huge snake.

PronunciationEdit


Note: pa - only in 巴士.
Note:
  • 1pa - literary;
  • 1po - vernacular.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pa⁵⁵/
    Harbin /pa⁴⁴/
    /pa²⁴/ ~彥
    Tianjin /pɑ²¹/
    Jinan /pa²¹³/
    Qingdao /pa²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /pa²⁴/
    Xi'an /pa²¹/
    Xining /pa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pa⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /pa³¹/
    Ürümqi /pa⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /pa⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /pa⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /pa̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /pɑ³¹/
    Hefei /pa²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /pa¹¹/
    Pingyao /pɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /pa³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /po⁵³/
    /pa⁵³/
    Suzhou /po⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /pɑ³³/
    Wenzhou /po³³/
    Hui Shexian /pa³¹/
    Tunxi /puːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pa³³/
    Xiangtan /pɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /pɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /pa⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pɑ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pa⁵³/
    Nanning /pa⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pa⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pa⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pa⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pa⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pa³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔba²³/ ~掌
    /ʔba³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /paɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /pa/
    Wang
    Li
    /pa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹  › ‹  ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁra/ /*pˁra/
    English snake [place name]

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 97
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praː/

    Etymology 1Edit

      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “Are all these senses related? Some have proposed that these are all derived from the snake sense.”
    "huge snake"
    Unknown. Schuessler (2007) compared (OC prâ) to
    • Lao [script needed] (ŋuuᴬ⁴ kǎbaaᴬ³, a kind of viper), with ງູ (ngū, snake) and [script needed] (, possible animal prefix); as well as to
    • Proto-North-Bahnaric *qbǎyh (ibid.) "snake" (or *bəs; Sidwell, 2011).

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (ancient Chinese mythology) a huge snake that could swallow an elephant
    2. to greatly desire; to anxiously hope; to long for
    3. Used as a suffix for objects that are located below or behind.
        ―  wěiba  ―  tail
    4. Used as a suffix for objects that are clumped together due to dryness or stickiness.
        ―  ba  ―  mud
    5. to cling to; to stick to
    6. (Jilu Mandarin, Sichuan, dialectal Wu) to be close to; to be next to
    7. (Beijing, Jilu Mandarin) to open; to spread
    8. (Sichuan) to suit; to fit
    9. (Sichuan) to follow
    10. (Sichuan) to be intimate
    11. (Sichuan) to involve; to implicate
    12. (Sichuan) to kiss up; to curry favour
    13. (Sichuan) to subsidize
    14. (Sichuan) to infect; to contract
    15. (dialectal Mandarin, including Beijing, Shandong, Xinjiang) to sew; to stitch on
    16. (Southwestern Mandarin; Xiamen, Quanzhou Min Nan) dried object
    17. (dialectal Mandarin, Cantonese) Classifier for the number of slaps.
      [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 keoi5 jat1 baa1 [Jyutping]  ―  to give him a slap
    18. (Jiaoliao Mandarin, Sichuan) along
    19. (historical) Ba (an ancient state in modern-day Sichuan)
    20. eastern Sichuan and Chongqing
    21. A surname​.

    Etymology 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Short for 巴士 (bāshì, “bus”).
        ―  xiǎo  ―  minibus

    Etymology 3Edit

    Borrowed from English bar.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bar (unit of pressure)

    Etymology 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“short=1; a kind of fragrant grass; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 5Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“bamboo fence”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 6Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“tsamba”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ともえ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
     
    (tomoe): a circular design of swirling water, commonly used in Japanese family crests and corporate logos

    Compound of  (とも) () (tomoe):  (とも) (tomo, archer's left-wrist protector) +  () (e, picture, drawing). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ともえ, rōmaji tomoe, alternative reading ともゑ, rōmaji tomowe)

    1. tomoe (comma design)

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana ともえ, rōmaji Tomoe)

    1. A surname​.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    うずまき
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うずまき, rōmaji uzumaki, historical hiragana うづまき)

    1. Alternative spelling of 渦巻き (whirlpool (pattern))

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (pa) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ba, , va)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.