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See also:
U+81C9, 臉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81C9

[U+81C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +13, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月人一人 (BOMO), four-corner 78286, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 996, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1447, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2117, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+81C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ): semantic  (body part) + phonetic  (OC *skʰlam).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-gram (cheek; face). Cognate with Tibetan འགྲམ་པ ('gram pa, cheek), འགྲམ་རུས ('gram rus, cheekbone) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lián - vernacular;
  • liám - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (37)
    Final () (153) (151)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰiᴇm/ /lˠɛmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /lᵚæmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰjæm/ /lɐmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰiam/ /ləɨmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /lɐmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /lɐmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /lămX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiān lǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 10180 10203 10212
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·reːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/ /*kramʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) cheek
    2. (anatomy) face
    3. (by extension) facial expression; complexion
    4. (figuratively) front part of something
    5. (figuratively) reputation; face; image

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“face”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Hailar 臉蛋子
    Ulan Hot 臉蛋子
    Tongliao 臉蛋子
    Chifeng
    Bayanhot
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou 臉兒臉膛子
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu 面盤
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah 面鉢
    Senai 面鉢
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Baochang
    Jining
    Hohhot
    Baotou
    Dongsheng 眉眼
    Linhe
    Haibowan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing 面䫌
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai 面孔面顴
    Suzhou 面孔
    Hangzhou 臉孔
    Wenzhou 面股
    Chongming 面孔
    Danyang 面孔
    Jinhua 面孔
    Ningbo 面孔
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (kiểm, quặm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.