See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人人中弓 (OOLN), four-corner 82800, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 144, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2228
  • Dae Jaweon: page 326, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 358, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+528D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

: A Jian with ‎(qiào, scabbard).
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script

EtymologyEdit

Possibly borrowed from the hypothetical Proto-Altaic *k`èmá ‎(sharp, sharp tool).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨamH/
Li
Rong
/kiɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.kr[a]m-s/
English sword

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10227
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kams/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sword, dagger, sabre

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. sword

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana けん, romaji ken)

  1. sword

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geom) (hangeul , revised geom, McCune-Reischauer kŏm)

  1. sword, knife

CompoundsEdit

  • This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiếm, ghém, gươm, kém, chém, sớm)

  1. sword

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for sword is kiếm.

ReferencesEdit

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