See also:
U+9BC9, 鯉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BC9

[U+9BC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BCA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

(radical 195, +7, 18 strokes, cangjie input 弓火田土 (NFWG), four-corner 26314, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1471, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2003, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4691, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+9BC9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic (fish) + phonetic (OC *rɯʔ).

EtymologyEdit

Schuessler (2007) considers connection to Proto-Tai *plaːᴬ (fish) to be unlikely.

Norman (2014) compares it to Proto-Kam-Tai *mbləi (carp), suggesting that it may be an early loan from Chinese; compare Thai ปลาไน (common carp), Lakkia [script needed] (-plai⁴, carp).

See the entry 雙鯉魚 for the figurative senses.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dì - vernacular;
  • lǐ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lí - literary;
    • lē/lě, tāi/tai/tâi/tǎi - vernacular (often written as or 𩸙).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /liəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /liX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ liX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-rəʔ/
    English carp (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7828
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. carp, especially the common carp
    2. (figurative) messenger
    3. (figurative) letter; correspondence

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    こい
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    /ko1pi1//kopi//kofi/ → */kowi//koi/

    From Old Japanese, attested in the Nihon Shoki.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (こい) (koi (historical kana こひ)

    1. carp, specifically, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

    Usage notesEdit

    • As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as コイ.

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (こい) (Koi (historical kana こひ)

    1. a surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.