U+7406, 理
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7406

[U+7405]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7407]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 96, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic (jade) + phonetic (OC *rɯʔ).

According to Shuowen Jiezi, the character meant “to polish jade”. The current meaning “to order, tidy up” may be derived from it.

EtymologyEdit

"to cut jade, to mark out (field boundaries)"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-rəj (draw, mark, boundary) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007); cognate with Apatani a-rí (boundary), Mizo ri (boundary, frontier, border), Drung bri (to write), Mru pri (to scratch), Tibetan འབྲི ('bri, to write), Burmese ရေး (re:, to write) & စာရေး (care:, to write, clerk). Schuessler glossed its fundamental meaning as "cut in a regular way, divide into equal sections".
"to regulate"
STEDT groups this sense "to cut jade, to mark out (field boundaries)"; Schuessler (2007) noted that "to regulate" was often thought to be the same word as "to divide into sections", as the former sense might be derived from the latter.
"to administer"
Probably related to (, “to regulate”) (Schuessler, 2007)
"envoy, jail official, matchmaker"
Related to (, “official”), (shǐ, “scribe, historian”), and 使 (shì, “ambassador”)
Possibly the same word as "to administer".
According to Schuessler (2007), from Austroasiatic; compare Old Khmer re (to move, change position) & its derivatives Old Khmer pre (to send, order, assign, appoint, delegate, use, employ, make), in turn related to paṃre (to serve; service, duty; servant, delegate, representative, minister); with Sino-Tibetan causative *s- corresponding to Khmer causative *p-..

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨX/
Li
Rong
/liəX/
Wang
Li
/lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lei5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ liX › ‹ liX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(ə).rəʔ/ /*m(ə).rəʔ/
English cut jade; regulate reason; principle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7827
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to polish jade
  2. to put in order; to tidy up
  3. to manage; to run; to handle
  4. (usually in negative) to pay attention to; to care about
    他們 / 他们  ―  Tāmen bù wǒ.  ―  They are ignoring me.
    自己 [Cantonese, trad.]
    自己 [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 lin4 zi6 gei2 go3 zai2 dou1 m4 lei5. [Jyutping]
    He doesn't care about even his own son.
  5. to repair and maintain; to prune
  6. to revise; to review
  7. texture; grain (of wood)
      ―    ―  skin texture
  8. principle; inner essence
  9. reason; logic; truth; science
      ―  dào  ―  reasoning
      ―  xīn  ―  psychology
  10. natural science
  11. A surname​.
  12. envoy; jail-official; matchmaker

SynonymsEdit

  • (to repair and maintain): 修整 (xiūzhěng)
  • (texture): 紋路纹路 (wénlù)
  • (inner essence):

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

NounEdit

() (ri

  1. reason, logic

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ことわり
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ことわり
[noun] rejecting
[noun] , 道理, 理由:
[noun] reason; logic
[noun] reason; motive
[adjective] This term needs a translation to English.
[verb] stem or continuative form of ことわる (kotowaru) [godan]
Alternative spellings
, 道理, 理由, 断り, 断わり,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
おさむ
Grade: 2
nanori

Proper nounEdit

(おさむ) (Osamu

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MCX). Recorded as Middle Korean 리〯 (Yale: ) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

  • (initial position)
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [i(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.
  • (non-initial position)

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 다스릴 (daseuril ri), South Korea 다스릴 (daseuril i))

  1. Hanja form? of / (reason; logic).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: , lẽ, nhẽ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville